Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Research Output 1968 2019

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39 Citations (Scopus)

Chemoattractant-stimulated NF-κB Activation Is Dependent on the Low Molecular Weight GTPase RhoA

Huang, S., Chen, L. Y., Zuraw, B. L., Ye, R. D. & Pan, Z. K., Nov 2 2001, In : Journal of Biological Chemistry. 276, 44, p. 40977-40981 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

N-Formylmethionine Leucyl-Phenylalanine
GTP Phosphohydrolases
Chemotactic Factors
Molecular Weight
Chemical activation
26 Citations (Scopus)

Chemokine and chemokine receptor expression in kidney tumors: Molecular profiling of histological subtypes and association with metastasis

Gahan, J. C., Gosalbez, M., Yates, T., Young, E. E., Escudero, D. O., Chi, A., Garcia-Roig, M., Satyanarayana, R., Soloway, M. S., Bird, V. G. & Lokeshwar, V. B., Mar 1 2012, In : Journal of Urology. 187, 3, p. 827-833 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chemokine Receptors
Chemokines
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Oxyphilic Adenoma
Neoplasm Metastasis
47 Citations (Scopus)

Chemotherapy rescues tumor-driven aberrant CD4+ T-cell differentiation and restores an activated polyfunctional helper phenotype

Ding, Z. C., Blazar, B. R., Mellor, A. L., Munn, D. H. & Zhou, G., Mar 25 2010, In : Blood. 115, 12, p. 2397-2406 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chemotherapy
T-cells
Tumors
Cell Differentiation
T-Lymphocytes
8 Citations (Scopus)

Chimeric Mouse model to track the migration of bone marrow derived cells in glioblastoma following anti-angiogenic treatments

Achyut, B. R., Shankar, A., Iskander, A. S. M., Ara, R., Knight, R. A., Scicli, A. G. & Arbab, A. S., 2016, In : Cancer Biology and Therapy. 17, 3, p. 280-90 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioblastoma
Bone Marrow Cells
Tumor Microenvironment
Neoplasms
Nude Mice
19 Citations (Scopus)

Circadian clocks regulate adenylyl cyclase activity rhythms in human RPE cells

Pavan, B., Frigato, E., Pozzati, S., Prasad, P. D., Bertolucci, C. & Biondi, C., Nov 10 2006, In : Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 350, 1, p. 169-173 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Circadian Clocks
Adenylyl Cyclases
Clocks
Periodicity
Genes
4 Citations (Scopus)

Circulating miR-583 and miR-663 Refer to ZHENG differentiation in chronic hepatitis B

Zhang, H., Guan, Y., Lu, Y. Y., Hu, Y. Y., Huang, S. & Su, S. B., Apr 29 2013, In : Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine. 2013, 751341.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chronic Hepatitis B
Yin Deficiency
Liver
Gallbladder
Hot Temperature
66 Citations (Scopus)

Cisplatin-induced apoptosis in p53-deficient renal cells via the intrinsic mitochondrial pathway

Jiang, M., Wang, C. Y., Huang, S., Yang, T. & Dong, Z., May 1 2009, In : American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology. 296, 5, p. F983-F993

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cisplatin
Apoptosis
Kidney
Cytochromes c
Caspase Inhibitors
12 Citations (Scopus)

Cleavage of the retinal pigment epithelium-specific protein RPE65 under oxidative stress

Lee, H., Chung, H., Arnouk, H., Powell, F. L., Hunt, R. C., Hrushesky, W. J. M., Wood, P. A., Lee, S. H. & Jahng, W. J., Aug 1 2010, In : International Journal of Biological Macromolecules. 47, 2, p. 104-108 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oxidative stress
Retinal Pigments
Retinal Pigment Epithelium
Pigments
Oxidative Stress
37 Citations (Scopus)

Climatic variables are associated with seasonal acute asthma admissions to accident and emergency room facilities in Trinidad, West Indies

Ivey, M. A., Simeon, D. T. & Monteil, M. A., Nov 1 2003, In : Clinical and Experimental Allergy. 33, 11, p. 1526-1530 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Trinidad and Tobago
West Indies
Accidents
Hospital Emergency Service
Asthma
88 Citations (Scopus)

Clinical efficacy of modified preoperative neoadjuvant chemotherapy in the treatment of locally advanced (stage IB2 to IIB) ervical ancer: randomized study

Chen, H., Liang, C., Zhang, L., Huang, S. & Wu, X., Sep 1 2008, In : Gynecologic Oncology. 110, 3, p. 308-315 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Drug Therapy
Therapeutics
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Neoplasms
581 Citations (Scopus)

Clinically applicable labeling of mammalian and stem cells by combining superparamagnetic iron oxides and transfection agents

Frank, J. A., Miller, B. R., Arbab, A. S., Zywicke, H. A., Jordan, E. K., Lewis, B. K., Bryant, L. H. & Bulte, J. W. M., Aug 1 2003, In : Radiology. 228, 2, p. 480-487 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Transfection
Stem Cells
Iron
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
1 Citation (Scopus)

Cloning and characterization of a potential-sensitive organic cation transporter (OCT3) from rat placenta

Kekuda, R., Prasad, P. D., Wu, X., Leibach, F. H. & Ganapathy, V., Mar 20 1998, In : FASEB Journal. 12, 5, p. A1043

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cloning
placenta
Placenta
transporters
Cations
58 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and expression of a b0,+-like amino acid transporter functioning asa heterodimer with 4F2hc-instead of rBAT. A new candidate gene for cystinuria

Rajan, D. P., Kekuda, R., Huang, W., Wang, H., Devoe, L. D., Leibach, F. H., Prasad, P. D. & Ganapathy, V., Oct 8 1999, In : Journal of Biological Chemistry. 274, 41, p. 29005-29010 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

CD98 Heavy Chain Antigens
Cystinuria
Amino Acid Transport Systems
Cloning
CD98 Light Chains Antigens
75 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and functional characterization of a Na+-independent, broad-specific neutral amino acid transporter from mammalian intestine

Rajan, D. P., Kekuda, R., Huang, W., Devoe, L. D., Leibach, F. H., Prasad, P. D. & Ganapathy, V., Jan 15 2000, In : Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes. 1463, 1, p. 6-14 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neutral Amino Acid Transport Systems
Cloning
Intestines
Organism Cloning
Amino Acid Transport System L
83 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and functional characterization of a new subtype of the amino acid transport system N

Nakanishi, T., Kekuda, R., Fei, Y. J., Hatanaka, T., Sugawara, M., Martindale, R. G., Leibach, F. H., Prasad, P. D. & Ganapathy, V., Dec 1 2001, In : American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology. 281, 6 50-6

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amino Acid Transport Systems
Organism Cloning
Glutamine
Amino Acids
Amino Acid Transport System A
356 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and functional characterization of a potential-sensitive, polyspecific organic cation transporter (OCT3) most abundantly expressed in placenta

Kekuda, R., Prasad, P. D., Wu, X., Wang, H., Fei, Y. J., Leibach, F. H. & Ganapathy, V., Jun 26 1998, In : Journal of Biological Chemistry. 273, 26, p. 15971-15979 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cloning
Placenta
Cations
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
50 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and functional characterization of human SMCT2 (SLC5A12) and expression pattern of the transporter in kidney

Gopal, E., Siddaramappa, U. N., Martin, P. M., Ananth, S., Gnana-Prakasam, J. P., Becker, H., Wagner, C. A., Ganapathy, V. & Prasad, P. D., Nov 1 2007, In : Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Biomembranes. 1768, 11, p. 2690-2697 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cloning
Niacin
Organism Cloning
Lactic Acid
Monocarboxylic Acid Transporters
43 Citations (Scopus)
Proton-Coupled Folate Transporter
Retina
Organism Cloning
Folic Acid
Xenopus laevis
160 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and functional expression of a cDNA encoding a mammalian sodium- dependent vitamin transporter mediating the uptake of pantothenate, biotin, and lipoate

Prasad, P. D., Wang, H., Kekuda, R., Fujita, T., Fei, Y. J., Devoe, L. D., Leibach, F. H. & Ganapathy, V., Mar 27 1998, In : Journal of Biological Chemistry. 273, 13, p. 7501-7508 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cloning
Biotin
Vitamins
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
87 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and functional expression of ATA1, a subtype of amino acid transporter A, from human placenta

Wang, H., Huang, W., Sugawara, M., Devoe, L. D., Leibach, F. H., Prasad, P. D. & Ganapathy, V., Jul 14 2000, In : Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 273, 3, p. 1175-1179 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Amino Acid Transport System A
Cloning
Placenta
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
349 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and functional expression of the human type 1 sigma receptor (hSigmaR1)

Kekuda, R., Prasad, P. D., Fei, Y. J., Leibach, F. H. & Ganapathy, V., Dec 13 1996, In : Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications. 229, 2, p. 553-558 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cloning
sigma Receptors
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
Guinea Pigs
75 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning and functional identification of slc5a12 as a sodium-coupled low-affinity transporter for monocarboxylates (SMCT2)

Srinivas, S. R., Gopal, E., Zhuang, L., Itagaki, S., Martin, P. M., Fei, Y. J., Ganapathy, V. & Prasad, P. D., Dec 15 2005, In : Biochemical Journal. 392, 3, p. 655-664 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cloning
Niacin
Organism Cloning
Lactic Acid
Complementary DNA
2 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning of a functional sodium-dependent pantothenate/biotin transporter from rabbit intestine and Caco-2 cells

Prasad, P. D., Sheikh, S., Huang, W., Leibach, F. H. & Ganapathy, V., Mar 20 1998, In : FASEB Journal. 12, 5

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Caco-2 Cells
Cloning
Intestines
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
48 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning of murine tissue factor and regulation of gene expression by transforming growth factor type β1

Ranganathan, G., Blatti, S. P., Subramaniam, M., Fass, D. N., Maihle, N. J. & Getz, M. J., Jan 31 1991, In : Journal of Biological Chemistry. 266, 1, p. 496-501 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cloning
Gene Expression Regulation
Thromboplastin
Transforming Growth Factors
Gene expression
138 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning of the human thiamine transporter, a member of the folate transporter family

Dutta, B., Huang, W., Molero, M., Kekuda, R., Leibach, F. H., Devoe, L. D., Ganapathy, V. & Prasad, P. D., Nov 5 1999, In : Journal of Biological Chemistry. 274, 45, p. 31925-31929 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Folic Acid Transporters
Cloning
Thiamine
Organism Cloning
Complementary DNA
202 Citations (Scopus)

Cloning of the sodium-dependent, broad-scope, neutral amino acid transporter B(o) from a human placental choriocarcinoma cell line

Kekuda, R., Prasad, P. D., Fei, Y. J., Torres-Zamorano, V., Sinha, S., Yang-Feng, T. L., Leibach, F. H. & Ganapathy, V., Oct 7 1996, In : Journal of Biological Chemistry. 271, 31, p. 18657-18661 5 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neutral Amino Acid Transport Systems
Choriocarcinoma
Cloning
Organism Cloning
Amino Acid Transport Systems
153 Citations (Scopus)

c-Myc induces apoptosis in epithelial cells by both p53-dependent and p53-independent mechanisms

Sakamuro, D., Eviner, V., Elliott, K. J., Showe, L., White, E. & Prendergast, G. C., Dec 7 1995, In : Oncogene. 11, 11, p. 2410-2418 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Epithelial Cells
Apoptosis
Temperature
Cell Death
G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints
56 Citations (Scopus)

c-MYC suppresses BIN1 to release poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1: A mechanism by which cancer cells acquire cisplatin resistance

Pyndiah, S., Tanida, S., Ahmed, K. M., Cassimere, E. K., Choe, C. & Sakamuro, D., Mar 29 2011, In : Science Signaling. 4, 166, ra19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases
Cisplatin
Cells
Neoplasms
Genes
90 Citations (Scopus)

Colon cancer cells maintain low levels of pyruvate to avoid cell death caused by inhibition of HDAC1/HDAC3

Thangaraju, M., Carswell, K. N., Prasad, P. D. & Ganapathy, V., Jan 1 2009, In : Biochemical Journal. 417, 1, p. 379-389 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cell death
Pyruvic Acid
Colonic Neoplasms
Cell Death
Cells
75 Citations (Scopus)

Colonic gene expression in conventional and germ-free mice with a focus on the butyrate receptor GPR109A and the butyrate transporter SLC5A8

Cresci, G. A., Thangaraju, M., Mellinger, J. D., Liu, K. & Ganapathy, V., Mar 1 2010, In : Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery. 14, 3, p. 449-461 13 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Butyrates
Gene Expression
Colon
Ileum
Fermentation
8 Citations (Scopus)

Color transformation and fluorescence of prussian blue-positive cells: Implications for histologic verification of cells labeled with superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles

Frank, J. A., Kalish, H., Jordan, E. K., Anderson, S. A., Pawelczyk, E. & Arbab, A. S., May 1 2007, In : Molecular Imaging. 6, 3, p. 212-218 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Iron oxides
iron oxides
Nanoparticles
Color
Fluorescence
119 Citations (Scopus)

Combination of transfection agents and magnetic resonance contrast agents for cellular imaging: Relationship between relaxivities, electrostatic forces, and chemical composition

Kalish, H., Arbab, A. S., Miller, B. R., Lewis, B. K., Zywicke, H. A., Bulte, J. W. M., Bryant, L. H. & Frank, J. A., Aug 1 2003, In : Magnetic Resonance in Medicine. 50, 2, p. 275-282 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Static Electricity
Contrast Media
Transfection
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Dendrimers
9 Citations (Scopus)

Combination of vatalanib and a 20-HETE synthesis inhibitor results in decreased tumor growth in an animal model of human glioma

Shankar, A., Borin, T. F., Iskander, A., Varma, N. R. S., Achyut, B. R., Jain, M., Mikkelsen, T., Guo, A. M., Chwang, W. B., Ewing, J. R., Bagher-Ebadian, H. & Arbab, A. S., Mar 9 2016, In : OncoTargets and Therapy. 9, p. 1205-1219 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Glioma
Animal Models
Growth
Neoplasms
Therapeutics
251 Citations (Scopus)

Combined epigenetic therapy with the histone methyltransferase EZH2 inhibitor 3-deazaneplanocin A and the histone deacetylase inhibitor panobinostat against human AML cells

Fiskus, W., Wang, Y., Sreekumar, A., Buckley, K. M., Shi, H., Jillella, A., Ustun, C., Rao, R., Fernandez, P., Chen, J., Balusu, R., Koul, S., Atadja, P., Marquez, V. E. & Bhalla, K. N., Nov 19 2009, In : Blood. 114, 13, p. 2733-2743 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors
Myeloid Cells
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Epigenomics
Histones
58 Citations (Scopus)

Combined inhibition of DNMT and HDAC blocks the tumorigenicity of cancer stem-like cells and attenuates mammary tumor growth

Pathania, R., Ramachandran, S., Mariappan, G., Thakur, P., Shi, H., Choi, J. H., Manicassamy, S., Kolhe, R., Prasad, P. D., Sharma, S., Lokeshwar, B. L., Ganapathy, V. & Thangaraju, M., Jun 1 2016, In : Cancer Research. 76, 11, p. 3224-3235 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Neoplastic Stem Cells
Epigenomics
Azacitidine
Butyrates
Breast Neoplasms
6 Citations (Scopus)

COMPAM: Visualization of combining pairwise alignments for multiple genomes

Lee, D. H., Choi, J. H., Dalkilic, M. M. & Kim, S., Jan 15 2006, In : Bioinformatics. 22, 2, p. 242-244 3 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pairwise
Genome
Alignment
Visualization
Genes
21 Citations (Scopus)
Dictyostelium
Chemotaxis
Folic Acid
Biological Assay
Protein-Tyrosine Kinases
1 Citation (Scopus)

Comparative analysis of sodium coupled vitamin C transporter 2 in human osteoarthritis grade 1 and grade 3 tissues

Blackburn, A. R., Hamrick, M. W., Chutkan, N., Sangani, R., Waller, J. L., Corpe, R. S., Prasad, P. D., Isales, C. M., Ganapathy, V. & Fulzele, S. T., Jan 8 2014, In : BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. 15, 1, 9.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sodium-Coupled Vitamin C Transporters
Articular Cartilage
Osteoarthritis
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Hematoxylin
48 Citations (Scopus)

Comparing mRNA levels of genes encoding leptin, leptin receptor, and lipoprotein lipase between dairy and beef cattle

Ren, M. Q., Wegner, J., Bellmann, O., Brockmann, G. A., Schneider, F., Teuscher, F. & Ender, K., Oct 1 2002, In : Domestic Animal Endocrinology. 23, 3, p. 371-381 11 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Leptin Receptors
lipoprotein lipase
Lipoprotein Lipase
Leptin
leptin
8 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison of mammary gland involution between 129S1 and C57BL/6 inbred mouse strains: Differential regulation of Bcl2a1, Trp53, Cebpb, and Cebpd expression

Thangaraju, M., Sharan, S. & Sterneck, E., Apr 1 2004, In : Oncogene. 23, 14, p. 2548-2553 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Inbred Strains Mice
Human Mammary Glands
Phenotype
Genetic Engineering
Breast
16 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison of prevalence and severity of asthma among adolescents in the Caribbean islands of Trinidad and Tobago: Results of a nationwide cross-sectional survey

Monteil, M. A., Joseph, G., Changkit, C., Wheeler, G. & Antoine, R. M., Sep 14 2005, In : BMC Public Health. 5, 96.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Trinidad and Tobago
West Indies
Asthma
Cross-Sectional Studies
Islands
29 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison of the conformation and electrostatic surface properties of magainin peptides bound to sodium dodecyl sulfate and dodecylphosphocholine micelles

Hicks, R. P., Mones, E., Kim, H., Koser, B. W., Nichols, D. A. & Bhattacharjee, A. K., Apr 1 2003, In : Biopolymers. 68, 4, p. 459-470 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Magainins
Surface Properties
Sodium dodecyl sulfate
Micelles
Static Electricity
72 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison of the prognostic potential of hyaluronic acid, hyaluronidase (HYAL-1), CD44V6 and microvessel density for prostate cancer

Ekici, S., Cerwinka, W. H., Duncan, R., Gomez, P., Civantos, F., Soloway, M. S. & Lokeshwar, V. B., Oct 20 2004, In : International Journal of Cancer. 112, 1, p. 121-129 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hyaluronoglucosaminidase
Hyaluronic Acid
Microvessels
Prostatic Neoplasms
Staining and Labeling
182 Citations (Scopus)

Comparison of transfection agents in forming complexes with ferumoxides, cell labeling efficiency, and cellular viability

Arbab, A. S., Yocum, G. T., Wilson, L. B., Parwana, A., Jordan, E. K., Kalish, H. & Frank, J. A., Jan 1 2004, In : Molecular Imaging. 3, 1, p. 24-32 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

viability
Labeling
marking
Transfection
cells
1 Citation (Scopus)

Complete distal renal tubular acidosis: Biochemical profile of a case

Rajpurohit, S. K., Pendse, AK., Ahmed, A. & Singh, PP., 1992, In : Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry. 7, 2, p. 205-206 2 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Complete genome sequence and analysis of the industrial Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain N85 used in Chinese rice wine production

Zhang, W., Li, Y., Chen, Y., Xu, S., Du, G., Shi, H., Zhou, J. & Chen, J., Jan 1 2018, In : DNA Research. 25, 3, p. 297-306 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
Wine
Sequence Analysis
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Genome
China
1 Citation (Scopus)

Computational methods for detection of differentially methylated regions using kernel distance and scan statistics

Dunbar, F., Xu, H., Ryu, D., Ghosh, S., Shi, H. & George, V., Apr 2019, In : Genes. 10, 4, 298.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Open Access
DNA Methylation
B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Genomics
Epigenomics
Research Personnel
23 Citations (Scopus)

Computer-assisted, quantitative cytokine enzyme-linked immunospot analysis of human immune effector cell function

Cui, Y. & Chang, L. J., Jun 1 1997, In : BioTechniques. 22, 6, p. 1146-1149 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Enzyme-Linked Immunospot Assay
Assays
Cytokines
Lymphocytes
Enzymes
8 Citations (Scopus)

Concentration-independent MRI of pH with a dendrimer-based pH-responsive nanoprobe

Bhuiyan, M. P. I., Aryal, M. P., Janic, B., Karki, K., Varma, N. R. S., Ewing, J. R., Arbab, A. S. & Ali, M. M., Nov 1 2015, In : Contrast Media and Molecular Imaging. 10, 6, p. 481-486 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dendrimers
Contrast Media
Magnetic Fields
Tumor Microenvironment
44 Citations (Scopus)

Concurrent PD-1 blockade negates the effects of OX40 agonist antibody in combination immunotherapy through inducing T-cell apoptosis

Shrimali, R. K., Ahmad, S., Verma, V., Zeng, P., Ananth, S., Gaur, P., Gittelman, R. M., Yusko, E., Sanders, C., Robins, H., Hammond, S. A., Janik, J. E., Mkrtichyan, M., Gupta, S. & Khleif, S. N., Sep 2017, In : Cancer Immunology Research. 5, 9, p. 755-766 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Immunotherapy
Apoptosis
T-Lymphocytes
Antibodies
Vaccines