RISK-RELATED SEXUAL BEHAVIOR--LOW INCOME SEPARATED WOMEN

Project: Research project

Description

DESCRIPTION The purpose of this
study is to describe risk-related sexual practices of a
representative sample of low-income women who are separated
or divorced from a partner or spouse. Existing sexual
behavior studies have focused on small samples of clinic
clients, women seeking contraception, adolescents,
intravenous drug users, and homosexual men, and have been
predominantly in large metropolitan areas. A major need is
to examine the risk-related sexual behaviors of a
representative sample of low-income separated women residing
in a less densely populated area, and to target behaviors
with individual partners subsequent to the separation. The
proposed study will use the tested nursing theoretical
framework, The Interaction Model of Client Health Behavior
(IMCHB), to explore sexual risks after separation from
regular partner or spouse. This survey is a retrospective, cross-sectional correlational
inquiry about the quantity and direction of relationships
among the variables in the IMCHB's Client Singularity element
and the Health Outcome of condom use. The inquiry relies on
a previously tested self-report questionnaire. The sample
consists of single, previously married or partnered, low-
income women between 18 and 60 years of age. A random 3-stage
cluster sampling plan includes all eligible women in 200
households from low-income census blocks in Columbia, South
Carolina. The analysis includes descriptive and relational
statistics and exploration (path analysis) of links among the
variables. An explanatory model with IMCHB's demographic,
social, previous sexual health experience, environmental
resources, cognitive, affective, and motivational influences
on risk reduction sexual behaviors will be developed. There
will also be a comparison of this sample's data with
previously collected data from a sample of middle-class
divorced or separated women. This study will provide a much needed description of risk-
related sexual behaviors of separated low-income women. From
these data, nurses can develop and implement interventions to
help women reduce their risk for sexually transmitted
diseases.
StatusFinished
Effective start/end date6/1/926/30/96

Funding

  • National Institutes of Health
  • National Institutes of Health

Fingerprint

Sexual Behavior
Spouses
Divorce
Reproductive Health
Health Behavior
Condoms
Censuses
Risk Reduction Behavior
Drug Users
Contraception
Self Report
Nursing
Nurses
Demography
Health
Sexually Transmitted Diseases

ASJC

  • Medicine(all)
  • Nursing(all)