A community of singers: employing exploratory cluster analysis to reveal profiles of psychosocial characteristics among members of a street choir for homeless and formerly homeless individuals

Courtney Cronley, Anne Nordberg, Erin Roark Murphy, Mary K. Twis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

This exploratory study employed cluster analysis to identify profiles of resilience, social support, stress, and mental health among members of a homeless and formerly homeless street choir; we examined the association between choir attendance and cluster membership, and the interaction of cluster membership and race. Respondents (N = 111, 66% African American, 84% homeless) had participated in the choir for an average of 12 months (SD = 12.02). We stratified the analysis according to homelessness status. Among those housed, k-means cluster analysis revealed two profiles: (1) relatively resourced but lower resilience, and (2) high resilience. Three profiles emerged among the homeless: (1) psychologically vulnerable, high stress and mental health concerns; (2) relatively resourced, showing average levels of mental health concerns and social support, minimally elevated stress, and higher resilience; and (3) low resilience. Examining the interaction, non-African American, housed participants in the high resilience cluster reported the most frequent choir attendance (M = 4.00, SD = 0.00); among the homeless, non-African Americans in the psychologically vulnerable cluster reported the most frequent attendance (M = 3.88, SD = 1.25). Results support the need for programs that address higher order needs concurrently with housing; they also highlight the ongoing need to provide particular outreach to minority populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)64-74
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Social Distress and the Homeless
Volume27
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • chronically homeless
  • group singing
  • Homeless
  • resilience
  • social support
  • street choir
  • stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'A community of singers: employing exploratory cluster analysis to reveal profiles of psychosocial characteristics among members of a street choir for homeless and formerly homeless individuals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this