A comparison of the fungicidal activity of amphotericin B and posaconazole against Zygomycetes in vitro

Suganthini Krishnan-Natesan, Elias Kurian Manavathu, George J. Alangaden, Pranatharthi H. Chandrasekar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Zygomycoses is a rapidly progressive infection associated with high mortality. Although amphotericin B (AMB) has been the only treatment option for years, recent studies have demonstrated that posaconazole (PCZ) has good activity against Zygomycetes. Because rapid onset of antifungal activity is crucial in the management and never studied before, we compared the time for maximum fungicidal activity of AMB versus PCZ using time-kill curves. The MIC of AMB and PCZ against clinical isolates of Mucor spp. and Rhizopus spp. was determined by the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute M38-A2 method, and the fungicidal activity was examined by time-kill studies. AMB was rapidly fungicidal, with 95% killing noted as early as 6 h and 99.9% killing at 24 h; PCZ showed <70% killing at 6 h and 99.9% killing at 48 h. In vivo animal studies using AMB in the early phase, followed by a switch to high-dose PCZ later, could provide data that may have clinical implications because there are only a few drugs currently available for the management of zygomycoses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-364
Number of pages4
JournalDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Volume63
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

Keywords

  • Amphotericin B
  • Fungicidal
  • Kill curves
  • Mucor
  • Posaconazole
  • Rhizopus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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