Eleven patients with demyelinating polyneuropathy associated with monoclonal IgM antibodies were randomized to receive IVIg or placebo, monthly, for 3 months in a double-blind study. After a washout period, they crossed over to the alternate therapy. Response was gauged by evaluating muscle strength, sensation, and neuromuscular symptoms at baseline, after 3 months, and at treatment's end. After IVIg therapy, the strength improved in only 2 of 11 patients, by 28 and 38.5 points from baseline, and declined after placebo. In 1 other patient, the sensory score improved by 13 points. Antibody titers to MAG/SGPG or gangliosides did not appreciably change. We conclude that IVIg has only a modest benefit to not more than 18% of patients with IgM paraproteinemic demyelinating neuropathy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology