A frequently occurring mutation in the lipoprotein lipase gene (Asn291Ser) results in altered postprandial chylomicron triglyceride and retinyl palmitate response in normolipidemic carriers

Simon N. Pimstone, Susanne M. Clee, S. Eric Gagné, Li Miao, Hanfang Zhang, Evan A. Stein, Michael R. Hayden

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Abstract

An Asn291Ser mutation in exon 6 of the lipoprotein lipase gene (LPL) frequently occurs in Caucasians (2-4%) and results in a partial catalytic defect. Although this mutation may be associated with low HDL cholesterol and elevated triglyceride levels, some carriers are normolipidemic and may have LPL activity in the normal range in the fasting state. To assess in vivo the influence of dietary stress on the function of this mutation, we have performed oral fat load studies on three unrelated normolipidemic Asn291Ser carriers and compared these results to five healthy controls and to a subject with a clear 50% reduction in LPL activity compared with controls. The Asn291Ser carriers exhibited a more pronounced postprandial response compared with non-carriers as evidenced by higher chylomicron triglyceride (TG) and chylomicron retinyl palmitate peaks (P = 0.03 and P = 0.02, respectively). Significantly higher area under response curves were also seen for both chylomicron triglycerides (P = 0.02) and chylomicron retinyl palmitate (P = 0.01) when compared with non-carriers. These results provide further in vivo evidence for the functional effects of this common mutation despite normal fasting lipid levels. These data suggest that even though subjects with this mutation may be normolipidemic in the fasting state, environmental stress such as an oral fat load may unmask the catalytic defect and result in significant disturbances in postprandial chylomicron metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1675-1684
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume37
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 1996

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Keywords

  • chylomicron
  • lipoprotein lipase
  • normolipidemic
  • oral fat load
  • postprandial response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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