A glucocorticoid-induced leucine-zipper protein, GILZ, inhibits adipogenesis of mesenchymal cells

Xing Ming Shi, Weibin Shi, Qingnan Li, Buer Song, Mei Wan, Shuting Bai, Xu Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

96 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesenchymal stem cells have the potential to differentiate into different cell lineages, including adipocytes and osteoblasts. The induction of adipocyte differentiation by glucocorticoids (GCs) not only causes the accumulation of fat cells in bone marrow, but also depletes the supply of osteoblasts for new bone formation, thus leading to osteoporosis. We have shown that a GC-induced leucine-zipper protein (GILZ) antagonizes adipocyte differentiation. GILZ binds to a tandem repeat of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein (C/EBP) binding sites in the promoter of the gene encoding peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor-γ2 (PPAR-γ2), and inhibits its transcription as a sequence-specific transcriptional repressor. We have also shown that ectopic expression of GILZ blocks GC-induced adipocyte differentiation. Furthermore, adipogenic marker genes (for example, those encoding PPAR-γ2, C/EBP-α, lipoprotein lipase and adipsin) are also inhibited by GILZ. Our results reveal a novel GC antagonistic mechanism that has potential therapeutic applications for the inhibition of GC-induced adipocyte differentiation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)374-380
Number of pages7
JournalEMBO Reports
Volume4
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2003

Fingerprint

Leucine Zippers
Adipogenesis
Adipocytes
Glucocorticoids
CCAAT-Enhancer-Binding Proteins
Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptors
Osteoblasts
Proteins
Bone
Complement Factor D
Tandem Repeat Sequences
Gene encoding
Lipoprotein Lipase
Transcription
Stem cells
Cell Lineage
Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
Protein Binding
Osteogenesis
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

Cite this

A glucocorticoid-induced leucine-zipper protein, GILZ, inhibits adipogenesis of mesenchymal cells. / Shi, Xing Ming; Shi, Weibin; Li, Qingnan; Song, Buer; Wan, Mei; Bai, Shuting; Cao, Xu.

In: EMBO Reports, Vol. 4, No. 4, 01.04.2003, p. 374-380.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Shi, Xing Ming ; Shi, Weibin ; Li, Qingnan ; Song, Buer ; Wan, Mei ; Bai, Shuting ; Cao, Xu. / A glucocorticoid-induced leucine-zipper protein, GILZ, inhibits adipogenesis of mesenchymal cells. In: EMBO Reports. 2003 ; Vol. 4, No. 4. pp. 374-380.
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