A Longitudinal Study of Suicidal Ideation in Young Adolescents

CAROL Z. GARRISON, CHERYL L. ADDY, KIRBY L. JACKSON, ROBERT E. McKEOWN, Jennifer L Waller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As part of a longitudinal study of depression and suicidal ideation in adolescents, a three-item suicide screen was administered to 1,073 students for 3 consecutive years starting at the beginning of the 7th or 8th grades. Each year over 70% of respondents reported no suicidal thoughts, and less than 5.5% attained high suicide ideation scores. Blacks and females had higher scores, respectively, than did whites and males. The individual students' suicide scores were less stable than the overall distributions with 1− and 2-year correlations reaching 0.35 and 0.28, respectively. Only one student received a high score all 3 years. The best predictors of a given year's suicide score was the previous years' depression scores. Gender, undesirable life events, family adaptability, and family cohesion were significant but less consistent predictors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)597-603
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Suicidal Ideation
Suicide
Longitudinal Studies
Students
Depression

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • community psychiatry
  • psychiatric status rating scales
  • suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

A Longitudinal Study of Suicidal Ideation in Young Adolescents. / GARRISON, CAROL Z.; ADDY, CHERYL L.; JACKSON, KIRBY L.; McKEOWN, ROBERT E.; Waller, Jennifer L.

In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Vol. 30, No. 4, 01.01.1991, p. 597-603.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

GARRISON, CAROL Z. ; ADDY, CHERYL L. ; JACKSON, KIRBY L. ; McKEOWN, ROBERT E. ; Waller, Jennifer L. / A Longitudinal Study of Suicidal Ideation in Young Adolescents. In: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 1991 ; Vol. 30, No. 4. pp. 597-603.
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