A Longitudinal Study of Suicidal Ideation in Young Adolescents

CAROL Z. GARRISON, CHERYL L. ADDY, KIRBY L. JACKSON, ROBERT E. McKEOWN, JENNIFER L. WALLER

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

109 Scopus citations

Abstract

As part of a longitudinal study of depression and suicidal ideation in adolescents, a three-item suicide screen was administered to 1,073 students for 3 consecutive years starting at the beginning of the 7th or 8th grades. Each year over 70% of respondents reported no suicidal thoughts, and less than 5.5% attained high suicide ideation scores. Blacks and females had higher scores, respectively, than did whites and males. The individual students' suicide scores were less stable than the overall distributions with 1− and 2-year correlations reaching 0.35 and 0.28, respectively. Only one student received a high score all 3 years. The best predictors of a given year's suicide score was the previous years' depression scores. Gender, undesirable life events, family adaptability, and family cohesion were significant but less consistent predictors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)597-603
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

Keywords

  • adolescence
  • community psychiatry
  • psychiatric status rating scales
  • suicide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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