A Mouse Model for Adolescent Alcohol Abuse

Stunted Growth and Effects in Brain

Chiming Huang, Jennifer A. Titus, Richard L. Bell, Tamas Kapros, Jie Chen, Rosa Huang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Adolescent alcohol abuse remains a serious public health concern, with nearly a third of high school seniors reporting heavy drinking in the previous month. Methods: Using the high ethanol-consuming C57BL/6J mouse strain, we examined the effects of ethanol (3.75 g/kg, IP, daily for 45 days) on body weight and brain region mass (cerebral cortex, cerebellum, corpus callosum) during peri-adolescence (postnatal day [P]25 to 70) or adulthood (P180 to 225) of both males and females. Results: In control peri-adolescent animals, body weight gain was greater in males compared with females. In the peri-adolescent exposure group, ethanol significantly reduced body weight gain to a similar extent in both male and female mice (82 and 84% of controls, respectively). In adult animals, body weight gain was much less than that of the peri-adolescent mice, with ethanol having a small but significant effect in males but not females. Between the control peri-adolescent and adult cohorts (measurements taken at P70 and 225, respectively), there were no significant differences in the mass of the cerebral cortex or the cerebellum from either male or female mice, although the rostro-caudal length of the corpus callosum increased slightly but significantly (6.1%) between these time points. Conclusions: Ethanol treatment significantly reduced the mass of the cerebral cortex in peri-adolescent (-3.1%), but not adult, treated mice. By contrast, ethanol significantly reduced the length of the corpus callosum in adult (-5.4%), but not peri-adolescent, treated mice. Future studies at the histological level may yield additional details concerning ethanol and the peri-adolescent brain.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1728-1737
Number of pages10
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume36
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Growth Disorders
Alcoholism
Brain
Ethanol
Alcohols
Corpus Callosum
Body Weight
Cerebral Cortex
Weight Gain
Cerebellum
Animals
Public health
Inbred C57BL Mouse
Drinking
Public Health

Keywords

  • Body weight
  • Cerebellum
  • Cerebral cortex
  • Chronic
  • Ethanol
  • Gender

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

A Mouse Model for Adolescent Alcohol Abuse : Stunted Growth and Effects in Brain. / Huang, Chiming; Titus, Jennifer A.; Bell, Richard L.; Kapros, Tamas; Chen, Jie; Huang, Rosa.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 36, No. 10, 01.10.2012, p. 1728-1737.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Huang, Chiming ; Titus, Jennifer A. ; Bell, Richard L. ; Kapros, Tamas ; Chen, Jie ; Huang, Rosa. / A Mouse Model for Adolescent Alcohol Abuse : Stunted Growth and Effects in Brain. In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 2012 ; Vol. 36, No. 10. pp. 1728-1737.
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abstract = "Background: Adolescent alcohol abuse remains a serious public health concern, with nearly a third of high school seniors reporting heavy drinking in the previous month. Methods: Using the high ethanol-consuming C57BL/6J mouse strain, we examined the effects of ethanol (3.75 g/kg, IP, daily for 45 days) on body weight and brain region mass (cerebral cortex, cerebellum, corpus callosum) during peri-adolescence (postnatal day [P]25 to 70) or adulthood (P180 to 225) of both males and females. Results: In control peri-adolescent animals, body weight gain was greater in males compared with females. In the peri-adolescent exposure group, ethanol significantly reduced body weight gain to a similar extent in both male and female mice (82 and 84{\%} of controls, respectively). In adult animals, body weight gain was much less than that of the peri-adolescent mice, with ethanol having a small but significant effect in males but not females. Between the control peri-adolescent and adult cohorts (measurements taken at P70 and 225, respectively), there were no significant differences in the mass of the cerebral cortex or the cerebellum from either male or female mice, although the rostro-caudal length of the corpus callosum increased slightly but significantly (6.1{\%}) between these time points. Conclusions: Ethanol treatment significantly reduced the mass of the cerebral cortex in peri-adolescent (-3.1{\%}), but not adult, treated mice. By contrast, ethanol significantly reduced the length of the corpus callosum in adult (-5.4{\%}), but not peri-adolescent, treated mice. Future studies at the histological level may yield additional details concerning ethanol and the peri-adolescent brain.",
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