A mutation in γ-adducin impairs autoregulation of renal blood flow and promotes the development of kidney disease

Fan Fan, Aron M. Geurts, Mallikarjuna R. Pabbidi, Ying Ge, Chao Zhang, Shaoxun Wang, Yedan Liu, Wenjun Gao, Ya Guo, Longyang Li, Xiaochen He, Wenshan Lv, Yoshikazu Muroya, Takashi Hirata, Jeremy Prokop, George W. Booz, Howard J. Jacob, Richard J. Roman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Background: The genes and mechanisms involved in the association between diabetes or hypertension and CKD risk are unclear. Previous studies have implicated a role for g-adducin (ADD3), a cytoskeletal protein encoded by Add3. Methods: We investigated renal vascular function in vitro and in vivo and the susceptibility to CKD in rats with wild-type or mutated Add3 and in genetically modified rats with overexpression or knockout of ADD3. We also studied glomeruli and primary renal vascular smooth muscle cells isolated from these rats. Results: This study identified a K572Q mutation in ADD3 in fawn-hooded hypertensive (FHH) rats-a mutation previously reported in Milan normotensive (MNS) rats that also develop kidney disease. Using molecular dynamic simulations, we found that this mutation destabilizes a critical ADD3-ACTIN binding site. A reduction of ADD3 expression in membrane fractions prepared from the kidney and renal vascular smoothmuscle cells of FHHrats was associated with the disruption of the F-actin cytoskeleton. Compared with renal vascular smooth muscle cells from Add3 transgenic rats, those from FHH rats had elevated membrane expression of BKa and BK channel current. FHH and Add3 knockout rats exhibited impairments in the myogenic response of afferent arterioles and in renal blood flowautoregulation,whichwere rescued in Add3 transgenic rats. We confirmed these findings in a genetic complementation study that involved crossing FHH and MNS rats that share the ADD3 mutation. Add3 transgenic rats showed attenuation of proteinuria, glomerular injury, and kidney fibrosiswith aging and mineralocorticoid-induced hypertension. Conclusions: This is the first report that a mutation in ADD3 that alters ACTIN binding causes renal vascular dysfunction and promotes the susceptibility to kidney disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)687-700
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the American Society of Nephrology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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