Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is a blinding disease for which there is no known cure. In a recent study, we reported dramatic rescue of cones in the rd10 mouse model of RP when mice were treated systemically with (+)-pentazocine ((+)-PTZ), a high-affinity ligand for sigma 1 receptor (Sig1R). The molecular mechanisms by which Sig1R provides neuroprotection are unclear. In this report, we used a miRNA PCR array to compare 84 abundantly expressed, well-characterized miRNAs in rd10/Sig1R−/− vs. rd10 and rd10 + PTZ vs. rd10 mice. We found that 13 miRNAs were significantly increased in rd10/Sig1R−/− retinas but were significantly decreased in rd10 + PTZ retinas. The miRNAs were miR-9-5p, miR-27a-3p, miR-126a-5p, miR-146a-5p, miR-10a-5p, miR-34c-5p, miR-503-5p, miR-30c-5p, miR-199-5p, miR-541-5p, miR-214-3p, miR-218-5p, and miR-335-5p. Of these, miR-214-3p is closely related to oxidative stress modulation, which is relevant to degenerative retinopathy. MiR-214-3p expression is ~fivefold higher in rd10/Sig1R−/− vs. rd10. In contrast, miR-214-3p is decreased ~twofold in rd10 + PTZ vs. rd10. Interestingly, miR-214-3p is predicted to bind to Sig1R and Nrf2, a key transcription factor for modulation of oxidative stress. To our knowledge, this is the first evidence that Sig1R may interact with miRNAs in retina. This observation is the underpinning of our hypothesis that a novel mechanism by which Sig1R mediates cone rescue is via interaction with miR-214-3p.