A ‘novel’ multi-component approach to promote physical activity among older cancer survivors: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Bernardine M. Pinto, Madison Kindred, Regina Franco, Virginia Simmons, James Hardin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Physical activity (PA) provides many benefits for recovery from cancer treatments. Many older (65+ years) cancer survivors which comprise the majority of the cancer survivor population, do not meet recommended PA guidelines. This study explored the feasibility and acceptability of using audiobooks as part of a 12-week multi-component intervention to increase steps/day, light and moderate-to-vigorous intensity PA among older survivors. Methods: Twenty older cancer survivors (95% female, mean age = 71.55 years, 90% White, 85% overweight/obese, 75% breast cancer survivors, mean 1.96 years since treatment completion) were randomized into one of the two study groups (Audiobook Group, n = 12, Comparison Group, n = 8). Both study groups were provided a tailored step goal program over the 12-week intervention; weekly step increases were based on a percent increase from baseline. Participant self-monitored their steps using a Fitbit Charge 2. In addition, the Audiobook group were encouraged to listen to audiobooks (downloaded onto a smartphone device via an app available at no cost from the local library) during PA to add enjoyment and increase PA. Regression analyses on steps/day, light and moderate-to-vigorous PA/week and sedentary time/week as assessed by the Actigraph were conducted, after adjusting for Actigraph wear time. Data from the post-intervention questionnaire were summarized. Results: Overall, majority of participants (89%) stated they were very satisfied with their participation and 100% reported that they were able to maintain their activity upon study completion. Retention rates were high. At post-intervention, there were significant differences favoring the Audiobook group for steps/day and moderate-to-vigorous PA/week. No significant group differences were found for minutes of light intensity PA/week and sedentary time/week. Conclusion: Piloting the implementation of a sustainable, innovative intervention among older survivors to increase their PA has significance for this group of survivors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)968-975
Number of pages8
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume60
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • moderate-to-vigorous physical activity
  • multi-component intervention
  • Older cancer survivors
  • steps

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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