A phase I/II randomized trial of clofarabine or fludarabine added to idarubicin and cytarabine for adults with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia

Nicholas J. Short, Hagop Kantarjian, Farhad Ravandi, Xuelin Huang, Lianchun Xiao, Guillermo Garcia-Manero, William Plunkett, Varsha Gandhi, Koji Sasaki, Naveen Pemmaraju, Naval G. Daver, Gautam Borthakur, Nitin Jain, Marina Konopleva, Zeev Estrov, Tapan M. Kadia, William G. Wierda, Courtney D. DiNardo, Mark Brandt, Susan M. O’BrienJorge E. Cortes, Elias Jabbour

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purine nucleoside analogues clofarabine and fludarabine are active in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We conducted a phase I/II randomized study of idarubicin and cytarabine with either clofarabine (CIA) or fludarabine (FIA) for relapsed or refractory AML. Clofarabine 15 mg/m2 was identified as the recommended phase II dose. Eighty-one patients were assigned using adaptive randomization to CIA (n=48) or FIA (n=33). The complete response (CR)/CR without platelet recovery rate did not differ between CIA and FIA (38% versus 30%, respectively; p=.50). In both arms, more than half of patients who had received only one prior line of therapy achieved remission. The median event-free survival for CIA and FIA was 2.0 and 1.9 months (p=.48), and the median overall survival was 6.3 and 4.7 months, respectively (p=.28). No significant differences in adverse events or early mortality rates were observed. Overall, CIA and FIA resulted in similar response rates and survival in patients with relapsed/refractory AML.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)813-820
Number of pages8
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Volume59
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2018
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Acute myeloid leukemia
  • Clofarabine
  • Fludarabine
  • Purine nucleoside analogues
  • Refractory
  • Relapsed

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Short, N. J., Kantarjian, H., Ravandi, F., Huang, X., Xiao, L., Garcia-Manero, G., Plunkett, W., Gandhi, V., Sasaki, K., Pemmaraju, N., Daver, N. G., Borthakur, G., Jain, N., Konopleva, M., Estrov, Z., Kadia, T. M., Wierda, W. G., DiNardo, C. D., Brandt, M., ... Jabbour, E. (2018). A phase I/II randomized trial of clofarabine or fludarabine added to idarubicin and cytarabine for adults with relapsed or refractory acute myeloid leukemia. Leukemia and Lymphoma, 59(4), 813-820. https://doi.org/10.1080/10428194.2017.1349907