A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, study of the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole 10, 15 or 20 mg/day for the treatment of patients with acute exacerbations of schizophrenia

Joseph P. McEvoy, David G. Daniel, William H. Carson, Robert D. McQuade, Ronald N. Marcus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

This double-blind, multicenter study aimed to investigate the efficacy and safety of aripiprazole 10, 15 or 20 mg/day versus placebo. Patients requiring inpatient hospitalization for acute exacerbation of schizophrenia were randomized to once-daily aripiprazole 10, 15 or 20 mg/day or placebo for 6 weeks. The primary efficacy outcome was the mean change from baseline to Week 6 in the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) Total score (last observation carried forward). Patients with no improvement by Week 3 (Clinical Global Impression-Global Improvement score ≥ 4) could transfer to open-label aripiprazole 20 mg/day. In total, 420 patients were randomized to placebo (n = 108); aripiprazole 10 mg/day (n = 106); 15 mg/day (n = 106); or 20 mg/day (n = 100). Of these, 142 patients (34%) completed 6 weeks of treatment, 131 (31%) discontinued to receive open-label aripiprazole, and 147 (35%) for other reasons. Aripiprazole 10, 15 and 20 mg/day each showed significantly greater improvements from baseline than placebo for all efficacy measures, including PANSS Total, Positive and Negative scores, and the CGI-Severity of Illness score. Significantly greater improvements in PANSS Total score versus placebo were achieved by Week 1 with 10 or 20 mg/day and Week 3 with 15 mg/day. All three doses were well tolerated. Overall, aripiprazole was not associated with clinically meaningful differences in extrapyramidal symptoms, prolactin or weight changes versus placebo. Aripiprazole 10 mg/day is effective and well tolerated for patients experiencing an acute exacerbation of schizophrenia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)895-905
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume41
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Antipsychotic
  • Aripiprazole
  • Efficacy
  • Schizophrenia
  • Tolerability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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