A randomized study of cognitive remediation for forensic and mental health patients with schizophrenia

Anthony O. Ahmed, Kristin M. Hunter, Nada M. Goodrum, Nancy Jane Batten, Denis Birgenheir, Erik Hardison, Thaddeus Dixon, Peter F. Buckley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cognitive remediation has proven efficacy for improving neurocognition in people with schizophrenia. The current study evaluated the benefits of cognitive remediation on neurocognition, functioning, psychotic symptoms, and aggression in a sample of forensic and mental health patients. Care recipients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (N=78) receiving services in the forensic and mental health units of a state hospital were randomized to participate in cognitive remediation versus computer games control activities. Participants' neurocognition, functional capacity, experiential recovery, psychotic symptoms, and aggression incidents were assessed at baseline and posttreatment. Cognitive remediation was associated with improvements in several neurocognitive domains and circumscribed domains of functional capacity. People assigned to cognitive remediation experiences greater reductions in negative symptoms, agitation/excitement, and verbal and physical aggression. In addition to improving neurocognition in long-term hospitalized forensic and mental health patients, cognitive remediation may enhance efforts at reducing negative symptoms, emotion dysregulation, and aggression incidents. Forensic settings may represent a new frontier for the clinical dissemination of cognitive remediation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8-18
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Psychiatric Research
Volume68
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aggression
  • Agitation
  • Cognitive remediation
  • Emotion regulation
  • Excitement
  • Negative symptoms
  • Neurocognition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Biological Psychiatry

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  • Cite this

    Ahmed, A. O., Hunter, K. M., Goodrum, N. M., Batten, N. J., Birgenheir, D., Hardison, E., Dixon, T., & Buckley, P. F. (2015). A randomized study of cognitive remediation for forensic and mental health patients with schizophrenia. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 68, 8-18. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychires.2015.05.013