A review of social determinants of prostate cancer risk, stage, and survival

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Abstract

Social determinants of health that have been examined in relation to prostate cancer incidence, stage at diagnosis, and survival include socioeconomic status (income, education), neighborhood disadvantage, immigration status, social support, and social network. Other social determinants of health include geographic factors such as neighborhood access to health services. Socioeconomic factors influence risk of prostate cancer. Prostate cancer incidence rates tend to be positively associated with socioeconomic status. On the other hand, low socioeconomic status is associated with increased risk of poorer survival. There are well-documented disparities in prostate cancer survival by socioeconomic status, race, education, and census tract–level poverty. The results of this review indicate that social determinants such as poverty, lack of education, immigration status, lack of social support, and social isolation play an important role in prostate cancer stage at diagnosis and survival. To address these social determinants and eliminate cancer disparities, effective interventions that account for the social and environmental contexts in which patients with cancer live and are treated are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalProstate International
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Education
  • Poverty
  • Prostate cancer
  • Unemployment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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