A speckle-tracking strain-based artificial neural network model to differentiate cardiomyopathy type

Jason Leo Walsh, Wael A. AlJaroudi, Nader Lamaa, Ossama K. Abou Hassan, Khalil Jalkh, Imad H. Elhajj, George Sakr, Hussain Isma’eel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. In heart failure, invasive angiography is often employed to differentiate ischaemic from non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy. We aim to examine the predictive value of echocardiographic strain features alone and in combination with other features to differentiate ischaemic from non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy, using artificial neural network (ANN) and logistic regression modelling. Design. We retrospectively identified 204 consecutive patients with an ejection fraction <50% and a diagnostic angiogram. Patients were categorized as either ischaemic (n = 146) or non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy (n = 58). For each patient, left ventricular strain parameters were obtained. Additionally, regional wall motion abnormality, 13 electrocardiographic (ECG) features and six demographic features were retrieved for analysis. The entire cohort was randomly divided into a derivation and a validation cohort. Using the parameters retrieved, logistic regression and ANN models were developed in the derivation cohort to differentiate ischaemic from non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy, the models were then tested in the validation cohort. Results. A final strain-based ANN model, full feature ANN model and full feature logistic regression model were developed and validated, F1 scores were 0.82, 0.79 and 0.63, respectively. Conclusions. Both ANN models were more accurate at predicting cardiomyopathy type than the logistic regression model. The strain-based ANN model should be validated in other cohorts. This model or similar models could be used to aid the diagnosis of underlying heart failure aetiology in the form of the online calculator (https://cimti.usj.edu.lb/strain/index.html) or built into echocardiogram software.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)92-99
Number of pages8
JournalScandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
Volume54
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ischaemic cardiomyopathy
  • artificial neural networks
  • machine learning
  • non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy
  • strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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