The transmission/disequilibrium (TD) test (TDT), proposed, by Spielman et al., for binary traits is a powerful method for detection of linkage between a marker locus and a disease locus, in the presence of allelic association. As a test for linkage disequilibrium, the TDT makes the assumption that any allelic association present is due to linkage. Allison proposed a series of TD-type tests for quantitative traits and calculated their power, assuming that the marker locus is the disease locus. All these tests assume that the observations are independent, and therefore they are applicable, as a test for linkage, only for nuclear-family data. In this report, we propose a regression-based TD-type test for linkage between a marker locus and a quantitative trait locus, using information on the parent- to-offspring transmission status of the associated allele at the marker locus. This method does not require independence of observations, thus allowing for analysis of pedigree data as well, and allows adjustment for covariates. We investigate the statistical power and validity of the test by simulating markers at various recombination fractions from the disease locus.
ASJC Scopus subject areas