Abdominal exercise intensities on firm and compliant surfaces

Kwong Yew Raymond Chong, Shelly Barber, Laurie Howell Martin, Kimberly Steele, Rebecca White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Muscle activities at 15 sites were compared within a group of healthy young adults to evaluate their relative intensities during six abdominal exercises: partial and full sit-ups on a firm surface (floor) and on an exercise ball that was either stabilized or unstabilized. The most strenuous abdominal exercise overall (i.e., whole body workout) was the full sit-up on a firm surface which included significant muscle activities in the lower extremities. Exercise intensity was also high in the full and partial sit-ups when performed on a ball. The partial sit-up on the floor was the least strenuous of the six exercises. The greatest effect on the abdominal muscles was observed in the partial sit-up on a ball (stabilized and unstabilized). Results suggest that, although abdominal exercises on a ball may be gender on the hip and lower back, overall exercise intensity is not necessarily lower than that on the floor. Moreover, partial sit-ups, both on the floor and on a ball, also required greater neck muscle activities than full sit-ups. In deciding what type of sit-up to do, exercise surface and different muscular activities between the partial and full sit-ups should be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)917-926
Number of pages10
JournalPerceptual and Motor Skills
Volume106
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

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Exercise
Neck Muscles
Abdominal Muscles
Muscles
Hip
Young Adult
Lower Extremity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology

Cite this

Abdominal exercise intensities on firm and compliant surfaces. / Chong, Kwong Yew Raymond; Barber, Shelly; Martin, Laurie Howell; Steele, Kimberly; White, Rebecca.

In: Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 106, No. 3, 01.06.2008, p. 917-926.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Chong, Kwong Yew Raymond ; Barber, Shelly ; Martin, Laurie Howell ; Steele, Kimberly ; White, Rebecca. / Abdominal exercise intensities on firm and compliant surfaces. In: Perceptual and Motor Skills. 2008 ; Vol. 106, No. 3. pp. 917-926.
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