Background: This study compared Parietex composite mesh (PCM) with Sepramesh (SM) in terms of strength of tissue incorporation, adhesion formation, and mesh shrinkage, using an animal model. Study design: A two-phase, prospective, randomized study using 44 New Zealand white rabbits. Each animal underwent creation of a standardized ventral hernia defect, followed by repair using either SM or PCM. Half of each group was sacrificed and examined at 1 month, and the remainder at 5 months. Outcomes measurements were strength of incorporation (SOI), type and area of adhesions (AA), and mesh shrinkage. Results: SOI for PCM was much greater than for SM, both at 1 month (60.8 N versus 42.6 N) and 5 months (70.9 N versus 31.5 N). The incidence of bowel adhesions was lower with PCM than SM, both at 1 month (1 versus 6) and at 5 months (0 versus 4). At 5 months, PCM demonstrated lower AA, both as a percentage of the mesh (5.6% versus 12.8%) and in terms of absolute area involved (321 mm2 versus 840 mm2). PCM underwent considerably more shrinkage than SM, at both 1 month (38.2% versus 18.1%) and 5 months (17.4% versus 6.1%). Conclusions: PCM demonstrated a substantially stronger SOI, which improved over time, and SOI of SM decreased. PCM was also superior in terms of adhesion prevention, but underwent considerably more shrinkage in this experimental model.
ASJC Scopus subject areas