Age and racial differences in the presentation and treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in primary care

Gretchen A. Brenes, Mark Knudson, William Vaughn McCall, Jeff D. Williamson, Michael E. Miller, Melinda A. Stanley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the prevalence and impact of Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) in the primary care setting, little is known about its presentation in this setting. The purpose of this study is to examine age and racial differences in the presentation and treatment of GAD in medical patients. Participants were recruited from one family medicine clinic and one internal medicine clinic. The prevalence of GAD was lowest for older adults. Age differences were found in the presentation of GAD, with young adults reporting greater cognitive symptoms of anxiety, negative affect, and depressive symptoms. African-Americans with GAD reported more positive affect and lower rates of treatment. The lower levels of negative affect and depressive symptoms reported among older adults may affect the recognition of GAD by primary care physicians. Further research is needed to better understand the causes of racial differences in treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1128-1136
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume22
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2008

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Anxiety Disorders
Primary Health Care
Therapeutics
Depression
Neurobehavioral Manifestations
Primary Care Physicians
Internal Medicine
African Americans
Young Adult
Anxiety
Medicine
Research

Keywords

  • Age differences
  • Anxiety
  • Elderly
  • Generalized Anxiety Disorder
  • Racial differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

Age and racial differences in the presentation and treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in primary care. / Brenes, Gretchen A.; Knudson, Mark; McCall, William Vaughn; Williamson, Jeff D.; Miller, Michael E.; Stanley, Melinda A.

In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Vol. 22, No. 7, 01.10.2008, p. 1128-1136.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Brenes, Gretchen A. ; Knudson, Mark ; McCall, William Vaughn ; Williamson, Jeff D. ; Miller, Michael E. ; Stanley, Melinda A. / Age and racial differences in the presentation and treatment of Generalized Anxiety Disorder in primary care. In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders. 2008 ; Vol. 22, No. 7. pp. 1128-1136.
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