Background: There are limited data about the epidemiology and risk factors for aggressive periodontitis (AgP) in Latin American and Brazilian populations. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of AgP and the risk associated with demographic variables, smoking behavior, and other periodontal variables in a young urban population in southern Brazil. Methods: A representative sample of 612 subjects aged 14 to 29 years were sampled using a multistage probability method. A full-mouth clinical examination of six sites per tooth and an interview were performed in a mobile examination center. Subjects in the age groups 14 to 19 years and 20 to 29 years were classified with AgP if they had four or more teeth with attachment loss ≥4mm or ≥5 mm, respectively. Results: AgP was found in 5.5% of the subjects. The disease occurred equally among males and females, but was twice as prevalent among non-whites than whites. In the age groups 20 to 24 years and 25 to 29 years, the AgP subjects had a significantly higher prevalence of tooth loss (90.2% versus 40.4% and 86.1% versus 43.4%, P <0.01) and mean number of missing teeth (2.6 versus 0.9 and 3.4 versus 1.5, P <0.05) than subjects without attachment loss. The AgP subjects also had significantly higher percentages of sites with dental plaque (P <0.0001), gingival bleeding (P <0.05), and supragingival calculus (P <0.0001) than normal subjects. The risk for AgP was higher in the 25- to 29-year than the 14- to 19-year age groups (odds ratio [OR] = 6.2), in the low than middle or high socioeconomic status (OR = 4.5), in moderate or heavy smokers than nonsmokers (OR = 3.1), and in subjects with ≥10% versus <10% sites with supragingival calculus (OR = 3.6). Conclusion: Socioeconomic status, smoking, and dental calculus were significant risk indicators of aggressive periodontitis in this population. Suitable periodontal prevention programs implementing these risk indicators may prevent or reduce the prevalence of aggressive periodontitis in this and similar populations.
- Dental calculus/adverse effects
- Latin America
- Periodontal attachment losss
- Periodontitis, aggressive/epidemiology
- Risk factors
- Smoking/adverse effects
ASJC Scopus subject areas