AKAP12α, an atypical serum response factor-dependent target gene

Jeffrey W. Streb, Joseph M. Miano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

We recently identified three AKAP12 isoforms that are differentially regulated by distinct promoters. During a screen to identify molecular determinants distinguishing the activities of these promoters, we found a potential binding site for the serum response factor (SRF) in the promoter of the ubiquitously expressed AKAP12α isoform. SRF is an evolutionarily conserved transcription factor that governs disparate programs of gene expression linked to cellular growth and differentiation. Using a combination of reporter assays and RNA interference, we demonstrate that SRF is required for AKAP12α expression. SRF regulates the activity of the AKAP12α promoter through two conserved CArG boxes that bind SRF with different affinities. Unlike other SRF-dependent genes, AKAP12α is not regulated by growth or differentiation stimuli. Molecular analysis of the AKAP12α SRF-binding sites, or CArG boxes, indicates that sequences flanking these sites are the determinants of sensitivity to SRF-activating signals. Specifically, the AKAP12α CArG boxes are shielded from growth stimulation by the absence of a binding site for Ets transcription factors. Similarly, sensitivity to the differentiation-associated co-factor, myocardin, was also determined by responsive flanking sequence; however, unlike growth stimuli, sensitivity to myocardin was found to also be dependent on a consensus CArG box. Collectively, our data demonstrate that AKAP12α belongs to a novel class of atypical SRF-dependent target genes. Furthermore, we provide new insight into the role of flanking sequences in determining sensitivity to SRF-myocardin activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4125-4134
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 11 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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