Alterations in Fas expression are characteristic of, but not solely responsible for, enhanced metastatic competence

Kebin Liu, Scott I. Abrams

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dysregulation of the Fas pathway has been implicated in tumor progression; however, how alterations in Fas expression influence metastatic behavior remains unresolved. In this study, we investigated the link between Fas expression and metastatic capacity in two mouse tumor models: one was a sarcoma, which was used to analyze the consequences of loss of Fas function in experimental pulmonary metastases, and the other was a mammary carcinoma, where Fas expression was examined in matched pairs of primary and metastatic cell lines as well as by immunohistochemistry of tissues taken from primary and metastatic sites of spontaneous tumor development. In the sarcoma model, a Fas-resistant/refractory subline was produced in vitro from the parental line by biologic selection against Fas-responsive cells, and it was then compared with the poorly metastatic parental line and to an in vivo-derived subline that was highly metastatic for growth in the lungs. In both tumor models, an inverse correlation was demonstrated between Fas expression and metastatic phenotype. Subsequent studies in the sarcoma model revealed that although the Fas-resistant/refractory subline displayed significant metastatic ability, the parental line from which it was derived exhibited little to no additional metastatic activity if experimentally rendered Fas-resistant by molecular-based strategies or transplanted into a Fas ligand-deficient host. Therefore, these findings suggested that down-regulation of Fas was associated with the metastatic phenotype, but alterations in Fas expression alone were insufficient for acquisition of full metastatic potential. Rather, the ability of such Fas-resistant neoplastic subpopulations to achieve metastatic competence apparently required co-possession of additional malignant characteristics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5973-5980
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume170
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Mental Competency
Sarcoma
Aptitude
Neoplasms
Phenotype
Lung
Fas Ligand Protein
Down-Regulation
Immunohistochemistry
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasm Metastasis
Cell Line
Growth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Alterations in Fas expression are characteristic of, but not solely responsible for, enhanced metastatic competence. / Liu, Kebin; Abrams, Scott I.

In: Journal of Immunology, Vol. 170, No. 12, 15.06.2003, p. 5973-5980.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{839b35cea1a5450592ea880a98f0f91b,
title = "Alterations in Fas expression are characteristic of, but not solely responsible for, enhanced metastatic competence",
abstract = "Dysregulation of the Fas pathway has been implicated in tumor progression; however, how alterations in Fas expression influence metastatic behavior remains unresolved. In this study, we investigated the link between Fas expression and metastatic capacity in two mouse tumor models: one was a sarcoma, which was used to analyze the consequences of loss of Fas function in experimental pulmonary metastases, and the other was a mammary carcinoma, where Fas expression was examined in matched pairs of primary and metastatic cell lines as well as by immunohistochemistry of tissues taken from primary and metastatic sites of spontaneous tumor development. In the sarcoma model, a Fas-resistant/refractory subline was produced in vitro from the parental line by biologic selection against Fas-responsive cells, and it was then compared with the poorly metastatic parental line and to an in vivo-derived subline that was highly metastatic for growth in the lungs. In both tumor models, an inverse correlation was demonstrated between Fas expression and metastatic phenotype. Subsequent studies in the sarcoma model revealed that although the Fas-resistant/refractory subline displayed significant metastatic ability, the parental line from which it was derived exhibited little to no additional metastatic activity if experimentally rendered Fas-resistant by molecular-based strategies or transplanted into a Fas ligand-deficient host. Therefore, these findings suggested that down-regulation of Fas was associated with the metastatic phenotype, but alterations in Fas expression alone were insufficient for acquisition of full metastatic potential. Rather, the ability of such Fas-resistant neoplastic subpopulations to achieve metastatic competence apparently required co-possession of additional malignant characteristics.",
author = "Kebin Liu and Abrams, {Scott I.}",
year = "2003",
month = "6",
day = "15",
doi = "10.4049/jimmunol.170.12.5973",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "170",
pages = "5973--5980",
journal = "Journal of Immunology",
issn = "0022-1767",
publisher = "American Association of Immunologists",
number = "12",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alterations in Fas expression are characteristic of, but not solely responsible for, enhanced metastatic competence

AU - Liu, Kebin

AU - Abrams, Scott I.

PY - 2003/6/15

Y1 - 2003/6/15

N2 - Dysregulation of the Fas pathway has been implicated in tumor progression; however, how alterations in Fas expression influence metastatic behavior remains unresolved. In this study, we investigated the link between Fas expression and metastatic capacity in two mouse tumor models: one was a sarcoma, which was used to analyze the consequences of loss of Fas function in experimental pulmonary metastases, and the other was a mammary carcinoma, where Fas expression was examined in matched pairs of primary and metastatic cell lines as well as by immunohistochemistry of tissues taken from primary and metastatic sites of spontaneous tumor development. In the sarcoma model, a Fas-resistant/refractory subline was produced in vitro from the parental line by biologic selection against Fas-responsive cells, and it was then compared with the poorly metastatic parental line and to an in vivo-derived subline that was highly metastatic for growth in the lungs. In both tumor models, an inverse correlation was demonstrated between Fas expression and metastatic phenotype. Subsequent studies in the sarcoma model revealed that although the Fas-resistant/refractory subline displayed significant metastatic ability, the parental line from which it was derived exhibited little to no additional metastatic activity if experimentally rendered Fas-resistant by molecular-based strategies or transplanted into a Fas ligand-deficient host. Therefore, these findings suggested that down-regulation of Fas was associated with the metastatic phenotype, but alterations in Fas expression alone were insufficient for acquisition of full metastatic potential. Rather, the ability of such Fas-resistant neoplastic subpopulations to achieve metastatic competence apparently required co-possession of additional malignant characteristics.

AB - Dysregulation of the Fas pathway has been implicated in tumor progression; however, how alterations in Fas expression influence metastatic behavior remains unresolved. In this study, we investigated the link between Fas expression and metastatic capacity in two mouse tumor models: one was a sarcoma, which was used to analyze the consequences of loss of Fas function in experimental pulmonary metastases, and the other was a mammary carcinoma, where Fas expression was examined in matched pairs of primary and metastatic cell lines as well as by immunohistochemistry of tissues taken from primary and metastatic sites of spontaneous tumor development. In the sarcoma model, a Fas-resistant/refractory subline was produced in vitro from the parental line by biologic selection against Fas-responsive cells, and it was then compared with the poorly metastatic parental line and to an in vivo-derived subline that was highly metastatic for growth in the lungs. In both tumor models, an inverse correlation was demonstrated between Fas expression and metastatic phenotype. Subsequent studies in the sarcoma model revealed that although the Fas-resistant/refractory subline displayed significant metastatic ability, the parental line from which it was derived exhibited little to no additional metastatic activity if experimentally rendered Fas-resistant by molecular-based strategies or transplanted into a Fas ligand-deficient host. Therefore, these findings suggested that down-regulation of Fas was associated with the metastatic phenotype, but alterations in Fas expression alone were insufficient for acquisition of full metastatic potential. Rather, the ability of such Fas-resistant neoplastic subpopulations to achieve metastatic competence apparently required co-possession of additional malignant characteristics.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0038281276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0038281276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4049/jimmunol.170.12.5973

DO - 10.4049/jimmunol.170.12.5973

M3 - Article

VL - 170

SP - 5973

EP - 5980

JO - Journal of Immunology

JF - Journal of Immunology

SN - 0022-1767

IS - 12

ER -