Alterations in lung arginine metabolism in lambs with pulmonary hypertension associated with increased pulmonary blood flow

Shruti Sharma, Sanjiv Kumar, Neetu Sud, Dean A. Wiseman, Jing Tian, Imran Rehmani, Sanjeev Datar, Peter Oishi, Sohrab Fratz, Richard C. Venema, Jeffrey R. Fineman, Stephen M. Black

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Previous studies demonstrate impaired nitric oxide (NO) signaling in children and animal models with congenital heart defects and increased pulmonary blood flow. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying these alterations remain incompletely understood. The purpose of this study was to determine if early changes in arginine metabolic pathways could play a role in the reduced NO signaling demonstrated in our lamb model of congenital heart disease with increased pulmonary blood flow (Shunt lambs). The activities of the arginine recycling enzymes, argininosuccinate synthetase (ASS) and argininosuccinate lyase (ASL) were both decreased in lung tissues of Shunt lambs while arginase activity was increased. Associated with these alterations, lung L-arginine levels were decreased. These changes correlated with an increase in NO synthase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. This study provides further insights into the molecular mechanisms leading to decreased NO signaling in Shunt lambs and suggests that altered arginine metabolism may play a role in the development of the endothelial dysfunction associated with pulmonary hypertension secondary to increased pulmonary blood flow.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)359-364
Number of pages6
JournalVascular Pharmacology
Volume51
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Arginase
  • Argininosuccinate lyase
  • Argininosuccinate synthetase
  • Cationic amino acid transporter-1
  • Pulmonary hypertension

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology

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    Sharma, S., Kumar, S., Sud, N., Wiseman, D. A., Tian, J., Rehmani, I., Datar, S., Oishi, P., Fratz, S., Venema, R. C., Fineman, J. R., & Black, S. M. (2009). Alterations in lung arginine metabolism in lambs with pulmonary hypertension associated with increased pulmonary blood flow. Vascular Pharmacology, 51(5-6), 359-364. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vph.2009.09.005