Like Ig genes, TCR genes are formed by somatic rearrangements of noncontiguous genomic V, J, and C regions. Unlike Ig genes, somatic hypermutation of TCR V regions is an infrequent event. We describe the occurrence of spontaneous hypermutation in a nonproductively rearranged TCR α-chain gene in a clonal T cell hybridoma that had lost its productively rearranged α-chain. The mutating hybridoma was eventually supplanted in culture by a nonmutating variant that had restored an open reading frame in the nonproductively rearranged TCR α-chain through the use of cryptic splice sites in the Vα region. Evidence is presented for the presence of cDNA reverse transcripts of the TCR α-chain within the hybridoma, suggesting a role for reverse transcriptase in the generation of mutations.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 15 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy