AML-029 Quizartinib Prolonged Overall Survival (OS) vs Placebo Plus Intensive Induction and Consolidation Therapy Followed by Single-Agent Continuation in Patients Aged 18-75 Years With Newly Diagnosed FLT3–Internal Tandem Duplication Positive (FLT3-ITD+) Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

Harry Erba, Pau Montesinos, Radovan Vrhovac, Elzbieta Patkowska, Hee Je Kim, Pavel Zak, Po Nan Wang, Tsvetomir Mitov, James Hanyok, Li Liu, Aziz Benzohra, Arnaud Lesegretain, Jorge Cortes, Alexander Perl, Mikkael Sekeres, Hervé Dombret, Sergio Amadori, Jianxiang Wang, Mark Levis, Richard Schlenk

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Quizartinib is an oral, potent, selective, type II FLT3 inhibitor with prolonged OS as a single-agent in relapsed/refractory FLT3-ITD+ AML. We report results from the global, randomized, double-blind, phase 3 QuANTUM-First trial (NCT02668653), evaluating quizartinib plus standard induction and post-remission consolidation (including allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant [allo-HCT] in first complete remission [CR1]) followed by single-agent continuation (up to 3 years) vs placebo plus chemotherapy in newly diagnosed FLT3-ITD+ AML. Methods: Patients 18-75 years with newly diagnosed FLT3-ITD+ AML received induction with cytarabine 100 or 200 mg/m2/day (days 1-7) and daunorubicin 60 mg/m2/day or idarubicin 12 mg/m2/day (days 1-3). Patients were randomized to quizartinib (40 mg/day [days 8-21]) or placebo; stratified by region, age, and white blood cell count at diagnosis. Patients with CR or CR with incomplete hematologic recovery (CRi) received up to 4 cycles of high-dose cytarabine plus quizartinib (40 mg/day) or placebo and/or allo-HCT followed by continuation with quizartinib (30-60 mg/day) or placebo (up to 3 years). The primary endpoint was OS. Results: Between September 2016 and August 2019, 539 patients were randomized (quizartinib [n=268], placebo [n=271]). Median age was 56 years (range, 20-75 years). As of August 2021 (median follow-up, 39.2 months), 58 patients remained on continuation. Median OS was significantly longer with quizartinib vs placebo (31.9 vs 15.1 months; HR, 0.776; 95% CI, 0.615-0.979; 2-sided P=.0324). CR+CRi rates were 71.6% and 64.9%, respectively. Allo-HCT in CR1 was performed in 157 patients (quizartinib, 31%; placebo, 27%). When censored for allo-HCT, OS trended longer with quizartinib vs placebo (HR, 0.752; 95% CI, 0.562-1.008; 2-sided P=.055). Relapse-free survival was longer with quizartinib vs placebo (HR, 0.733; 95% CI, 0.554-0.969). Grade ≥3 adverse events (AEs) were similar across arms. Discontinuations due to AEs occurred in 20.4% (quizartinib) and 8.6% (placebo). Fifty-six patients died from treatment-emergent AEs (quizartinib, 11.3%; placebo, 9.7%); mostly infections. Grade 3/4 electrocardiographic QT prolongation occurred in 3.0% (quizartinib) and 1.1% (placebo). Conclusions: Quizartinib plus standard therapy, followed by continuation, including after allo-HCT, for up to 3 years was tolerable with statistically significant and clinically meaningful OS improvements in adults ≤75 years with newly diagnosed FLT3-ITD+ AML.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)S208-S209
JournalClinical Lymphoma, Myeloma and Leukemia
Volume22
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • acute myeloid leukemia
  • adult
  • AML
  • FLT3-ITD
  • Phase III

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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