An epidemiological analysis of acute flaccid paralysis and its surveillance system in Iraq, 1997-2011

Jagar A. Jasem, Kawa Marof, Adnan Nawar, Yosra Khalaf, Faisal Al-Hamdani, Sagvan Ali, Andre C. Kalil, Km Islam

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Abstract

Background: Acute flaccid paralysis surveillance (AFP) is an essential strategy of the WHO's Polio Eradication Initiative. This is the first study conducted to estimate the incidence, etiology, distribution, and surveillance performance of AFP in Iraq.Methods: Surveillance data about the AFP cases under the age of 15 years reported from Iraq during January 1997 to December 2011 were depended in the current study.Results: A total of 4974 cases of AFP were reported from Iraq during the study period, with an annual incidence of 2.5/100,000 population. Guillain-Barre´ syndrome represented more than half of the reported cases (N = 2611, 52.5%), followed by traumatic neuritis (N = 715, 14.4%), and other CNS infections (N = 292, 5.9%). Poliomyelitis accounted for 166 (3.3%) of cases, the last reported case being in January 2000. Surveillance performance showed that all, but two, indicators were below the required WHO recommended levels.Conclusions: AFP surveillance remains the gold standard method for poliomyelitis detection. It witnessed dramatic changes over the last two decades. This has raised people's and clinicians' awareness to the importance of promptness in notifying suspected cases and timely transportation of stool specimens to the National Poliovirus Laboratory in Baghdad, or alternatively having more than one laboratory for poliovirus detection in the country, all of which are very useful measures to increase the surveillance performance in the country.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number448
JournalBMC Infectious Diseases
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2014

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Iraq
Paralysis
Poliomyelitis
Poliovirus
Neuritis
Guillain-Barre Syndrome
Incidence
Infection
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases

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An epidemiological analysis of acute flaccid paralysis and its surveillance system in Iraq, 1997-2011. / Jasem, Jagar A.; Marof, Kawa; Nawar, Adnan; Khalaf, Yosra; Al-Hamdani, Faisal; Ali, Sagvan; Kalil, Andre C.; Islam, Km.

In: BMC Infectious Diseases, Vol. 14, No. 1, 448, 20.08.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jasem, Jagar A. ; Marof, Kawa ; Nawar, Adnan ; Khalaf, Yosra ; Al-Hamdani, Faisal ; Ali, Sagvan ; Kalil, Andre C. ; Islam, Km. / An epidemiological analysis of acute flaccid paralysis and its surveillance system in Iraq, 1997-2011. In: BMC Infectious Diseases. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Acute flaccid paralysis surveillance (AFP) is an essential strategy of the WHO's Polio Eradication Initiative. This is the first study conducted to estimate the incidence, etiology, distribution, and surveillance performance of AFP in Iraq.Methods: Surveillance data about the AFP cases under the age of 15 years reported from Iraq during January 1997 to December 2011 were depended in the current study.Results: A total of 4974 cases of AFP were reported from Iraq during the study period, with an annual incidence of 2.5/100,000 population. Guillain-Barre´ syndrome represented more than half of the reported cases (N = 2611, 52.5{\%}), followed by traumatic neuritis (N = 715, 14.4{\%}), and other CNS infections (N = 292, 5.9{\%}). Poliomyelitis accounted for 166 (3.3{\%}) of cases, the last reported case being in January 2000. Surveillance performance showed that all, but two, indicators were below the required WHO recommended levels.Conclusions: AFP surveillance remains the gold standard method for poliomyelitis detection. It witnessed dramatic changes over the last two decades. This has raised people's and clinicians' awareness to the importance of promptness in notifying suspected cases and timely transportation of stool specimens to the National Poliovirus Laboratory in Baghdad, or alternatively having more than one laboratory for poliovirus detection in the country, all of which are very useful measures to increase the surveillance performance in the country.",
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