An evaluation of the use of statistical methodology in the Journal of Infectious Diseases

Rodger David MacArthur, G. G. Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One hundred fourteen articles published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases in 1982 were evaluated for the occurrence of eight commonly made statistical errors. Seventy-one percent of Original Articles and 50% of presentations in the Data Forum used statistical methods to analyze results. Almost all of the articles that used statistics contained at least one statistical error. The most common inadequacy, which occurred in 95% of the articles with statistical data, was the statement of a probability value without a complete summary of the statistical results. The most common error was the failure to include a correction for multiple comparisons. These results suggest that a more clearly stated statistical policy, a more explicit set of instructions to authors, and closer editorial attention to statistical methodology, perhaps at the prepublication phase, would improve the validity of articles published in the Journal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)349-354
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume149
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1984
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Communicable Diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

An evaluation of the use of statistical methodology in the Journal of Infectious Diseases. / MacArthur, Rodger David; Jackson, G. G.

In: Journal of Infectious Diseases, Vol. 149, No. 3, 01.01.1984, p. 349-354.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{44b2d3ecacdc48a8b1171c025e77d495,
title = "An evaluation of the use of statistical methodology in the Journal of Infectious Diseases",
abstract = "One hundred fourteen articles published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases in 1982 were evaluated for the occurrence of eight commonly made statistical errors. Seventy-one percent of Original Articles and 50{\%} of presentations in the Data Forum used statistical methods to analyze results. Almost all of the articles that used statistics contained at least one statistical error. The most common inadequacy, which occurred in 95{\%} of the articles with statistical data, was the statement of a probability value without a complete summary of the statistical results. The most common error was the failure to include a correction for multiple comparisons. These results suggest that a more clearly stated statistical policy, a more explicit set of instructions to authors, and closer editorial attention to statistical methodology, perhaps at the prepublication phase, would improve the validity of articles published in the Journal.",
author = "MacArthur, {Rodger David} and Jackson, {G. G.}",
year = "1984",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/infdis/149.3.349",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "149",
pages = "349--354",
journal = "Journal of Infectious Diseases",
issn = "0022-1899",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An evaluation of the use of statistical methodology in the Journal of Infectious Diseases

AU - MacArthur, Rodger David

AU - Jackson, G. G.

PY - 1984/1/1

Y1 - 1984/1/1

N2 - One hundred fourteen articles published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases in 1982 were evaluated for the occurrence of eight commonly made statistical errors. Seventy-one percent of Original Articles and 50% of presentations in the Data Forum used statistical methods to analyze results. Almost all of the articles that used statistics contained at least one statistical error. The most common inadequacy, which occurred in 95% of the articles with statistical data, was the statement of a probability value without a complete summary of the statistical results. The most common error was the failure to include a correction for multiple comparisons. These results suggest that a more clearly stated statistical policy, a more explicit set of instructions to authors, and closer editorial attention to statistical methodology, perhaps at the prepublication phase, would improve the validity of articles published in the Journal.

AB - One hundred fourteen articles published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases in 1982 were evaluated for the occurrence of eight commonly made statistical errors. Seventy-one percent of Original Articles and 50% of presentations in the Data Forum used statistical methods to analyze results. Almost all of the articles that used statistics contained at least one statistical error. The most common inadequacy, which occurred in 95% of the articles with statistical data, was the statement of a probability value without a complete summary of the statistical results. The most common error was the failure to include a correction for multiple comparisons. These results suggest that a more clearly stated statistical policy, a more explicit set of instructions to authors, and closer editorial attention to statistical methodology, perhaps at the prepublication phase, would improve the validity of articles published in the Journal.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0021355961&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0021355961&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/infdis/149.3.349

DO - 10.1093/infdis/149.3.349

M3 - Article

C2 - 6715895

AN - SCOPUS:0021355961

VL - 149

SP - 349

EP - 354

JO - Journal of Infectious Diseases

JF - Journal of Infectious Diseases

SN - 0022-1899

IS - 3

ER -