Analysis of pulmonary surfactant apoproteins by isoelectric focusing

Sikandar L. Katyal, Gurmukh Singh

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28 Scopus citations


Apoproteins of Mr, 38000, 32000 and 26000 are found in surfactant isolated from rat lungs. The surfactant isolated from monkey lungs, on the other hand, contains the 38 kDa apoprotein and not the 32 and 26 kDa apoproteins. These preparations of pulmonary surfactant contain, in addition, several serum proteins. We have used a combination of salt- and sucrose-density gradient centrifugations to isolate and further purify surfactant from the washings of rat lungs. Thus, a preparation of pulmonary surfactant was obtained which contained exclusively the 38, 32, 26 and 10-12 kDa apoproteins, and which was rich in phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylglycerol. Using an immunoassay and an immunoblotting technique, it was established that the 38, 32 and 26 kDa apoproteins are not serum proteins. The surfactant apoproteins of rat and monkey were further subjected to the high-resolution of isoelectric focusing. Thus, rat surfactant apoproteins resolved into 11 bands in the pH range 4.64-5.53. A second-dimensional electrophoresis in a sodium dodecyl sulfate system led to the migration of the 11 bands, separated by first-dimensional isoelectric focusing, into three distinct groups with apparent molecular weights of 38000, 32000 and 26000, respectively. Upon isoelectric focusing, the apoproteins from monkey lung surfactant also separated into several bands in the pH range 5.18-5.82. After electrophoresis in the second dimension as above, these bands migrated as a single group with an apparent molecular weight of 38000. Neuraminidase treatment of rat surfactant apoproteins, and subsequent IEF, led to the disappearance of several low-pI variants with a concomitant increase in the amounts of higher-pI variants. Thus, the sialic acid content of surfactant apoproteins accounts for, in large part, the observed charge heterogeneity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)411-418
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 26 1984
Externally publishedYes


  • Apoprotein analysis
  • Isoelectric focusing
  • Lung surfactant

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology


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