Anatomy and classification of proximal humerus fractures

John A. Hinson

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Proximal humerus fractures are a common injury most often seen in elderly females with osteoporotic bone. The vast majority of these fractures are minimally displaced and amenable to nonoperative treatment. Appropriate surgical management is indicated in the remaining patients. Accurate diagnosis and classification of these fractures are the first steps in appropriate treatment. Authors have created a number of classification schemes with attempts made to link fracture type to treatment and prognosis. Knowledge of the bony anatomy, muscular attachments, and vascular supply of the humeral head has guided the creation of classification systems of these fractures. Dr. Charles Neer utilized this knowledge in the creation of his four-segment classification scheme. His system is the most widely used and studied in the current literature. An experienced surgeon with good imaging can use The Neer classification system to aid in diagnosis and help guide treatment of these fractures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProximal Humerus Fractures: Evaluation and Management
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Pages1-22
Number of pages22
ISBN (Print)9783319089515, 9783319089508
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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  • Cite this

    Hinson, J. A. (2015). Anatomy and classification of proximal humerus fractures. In Proximal Humerus Fractures: Evaluation and Management (pp. 1-22). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08951-5_1