Angiotensin (1-7) receptor antagonism equalizes angiotensin II-induced hypertension in male and female spontaneously hypertensive rats

Jennifer C. Sullivan, Kanchan Bhatia, Tatsuo Yamamoto, Ahmed A. Elmarakby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Females are less sensitive to the hypertensive effects of angiotensin II compared with males, although the molecular mechanisms responsible are unknown. We hypothesize that differential activation of angiotensin II, angiotensin (1-7), angiotensin II type 1, angiotensin II type 2, and mas levels in the renal cortex of male and female spontaneously hypertensive rats contribute to sex differences in the blood pressure response to angiotensin II infusion. Males had a greater increase in blood pressure after angiotensin II infusion than females (males: 150±2 to 186±3 mm Hg; females: 137±3 to 160±4 mm Hg; P<0.05). Angiotensin II infusion resulted in comparable increases in plasma and renal cortical angiotensin II levels in both sexes. Renal cortical angiotensin (1-7) levels were higher in female rats under basal conditions (195±10 versus 67±11 ng/g of cortex; P<0.05) and after angiotensin II infusion (281±25 versus 205±47 ng/g of cortex; P<0.05) compared with male rats. In the renal cortex of male rats, angiotensin II infusion decreased angiotensin II type 1 protein expression and increased angiotensin II type 2 expression with no change in mas expression. In female rats there was an increase in mas receptor protein expression with angiotensin II infusion, although angiotensin II type 1 and angiotensin II type 2 expressions were unchanged. Male and female rats were then treated with the angiotensin (1-7) mas receptor antagonist A-779 in the absence and presence of angiotensin II. A-779 equalized the blood pressure response to angiotensin II in males and females (blood pressure at the end of treatment: males, 166±4 mm Hg; females, 164±5 mm Hg). In conclusion, angiotensin (1-7) contributes to the sex difference in angiotensin II-induced increases in blood pressure in spontaneously hypertensive rats.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)658-666
Number of pages9
JournalHypertension
Volume56
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2010

Keywords

  • Ang (1-7)
  • SHR
  • blood pressure
  • mas receptor
  • proteinuria
  • renin-angiotensin system
  • sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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