Animal bites to the head and neck

Stilianos E Kountakis, Socorro A. Chamblee, Alberto A J Maillard, Charles M. Stiernberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

There is controversy regarding the timing of repair and the use of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with animal bites to the head and neck. In this paper we review our experience with such wounds, and address surgical management and the use of prophylactic antibiotic therapy. A retrospective review of the medical records of 29 patients with animal bites to the head and neck was conducted. All patients were seen and treated at a large teaching hospital in Houston, Texas over an 18-month period. Seventy-six percent of our patients were 12 years old or younger. Most came to the emergency room soon after sustaining their injuries, and their wounds were repaired primarily with favorable results. There were no cases of wound infection. Ninety percent were treated with prophylactic antibiotics. The wounds of the 10% of patients who did receive antibiotics were similar to those of the other patients and healed well without infection. Wounds resulting from animal bites to the head and neck can be repaired primarily when treated shortly after injury. Further prospective, randomized studies are recommended to evaluate the effectiveness and necessity of prophylactic antibiotic therapy in this patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-220
Number of pages5
JournalEar, Nose and Throat Journal
Volume77
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 1998
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Bites and Stings
Neck
Head
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Wounds and Injuries
Wound Infection
Teaching Hospitals
Medical Records
Hospital Emergency Service
Prospective Studies
Therapeutics
Infection
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Kountakis, S. E., Chamblee, S. A., Maillard, A. A. J., & Stiernberg, C. M. (1998). Animal bites to the head and neck. Ear, Nose and Throat Journal, 77(3), 216-220.

Animal bites to the head and neck. / Kountakis, Stilianos E; Chamblee, Socorro A.; Maillard, Alberto A J; Stiernberg, Charles M.

In: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal, Vol. 77, No. 3, 01.03.1998, p. 216-220.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kountakis, SE, Chamblee, SA, Maillard, AAJ & Stiernberg, CM 1998, 'Animal bites to the head and neck', Ear, Nose and Throat Journal, vol. 77, no. 3, pp. 216-220.
Kountakis SE, Chamblee SA, Maillard AAJ, Stiernberg CM. Animal bites to the head and neck. Ear, Nose and Throat Journal. 1998 Mar 1;77(3):216-220.
Kountakis, Stilianos E ; Chamblee, Socorro A. ; Maillard, Alberto A J ; Stiernberg, Charles M. / Animal bites to the head and neck. In: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal. 1998 ; Vol. 77, No. 3. pp. 216-220.
@article{3227bb12594c4446980138d1b57aa60d,
title = "Animal bites to the head and neck",
abstract = "There is controversy regarding the timing of repair and the use of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with animal bites to the head and neck. In this paper we review our experience with such wounds, and address surgical management and the use of prophylactic antibiotic therapy. A retrospective review of the medical records of 29 patients with animal bites to the head and neck was conducted. All patients were seen and treated at a large teaching hospital in Houston, Texas over an 18-month period. Seventy-six percent of our patients were 12 years old or younger. Most came to the emergency room soon after sustaining their injuries, and their wounds were repaired primarily with favorable results. There were no cases of wound infection. Ninety percent were treated with prophylactic antibiotics. The wounds of the 10{\%} of patients who did receive antibiotics were similar to those of the other patients and healed well without infection. Wounds resulting from animal bites to the head and neck can be repaired primarily when treated shortly after injury. Further prospective, randomized studies are recommended to evaluate the effectiveness and necessity of prophylactic antibiotic therapy in this patient population.",
author = "Kountakis, {Stilianos E} and Chamblee, {Socorro A.} and Maillard, {Alberto A J} and Stiernberg, {Charles M.}",
year = "1998",
month = "3",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "77",
pages = "216--220",
journal = "Ear, Nose and Throat Journal",
issn = "0145-5613",
publisher = "Medquest Communications LLC",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Animal bites to the head and neck

AU - Kountakis, Stilianos E

AU - Chamblee, Socorro A.

AU - Maillard, Alberto A J

AU - Stiernberg, Charles M.

PY - 1998/3/1

Y1 - 1998/3/1

N2 - There is controversy regarding the timing of repair and the use of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with animal bites to the head and neck. In this paper we review our experience with such wounds, and address surgical management and the use of prophylactic antibiotic therapy. A retrospective review of the medical records of 29 patients with animal bites to the head and neck was conducted. All patients were seen and treated at a large teaching hospital in Houston, Texas over an 18-month period. Seventy-six percent of our patients were 12 years old or younger. Most came to the emergency room soon after sustaining their injuries, and their wounds were repaired primarily with favorable results. There were no cases of wound infection. Ninety percent were treated with prophylactic antibiotics. The wounds of the 10% of patients who did receive antibiotics were similar to those of the other patients and healed well without infection. Wounds resulting from animal bites to the head and neck can be repaired primarily when treated shortly after injury. Further prospective, randomized studies are recommended to evaluate the effectiveness and necessity of prophylactic antibiotic therapy in this patient population.

AB - There is controversy regarding the timing of repair and the use of prophylactic antibiotics in patients with animal bites to the head and neck. In this paper we review our experience with such wounds, and address surgical management and the use of prophylactic antibiotic therapy. A retrospective review of the medical records of 29 patients with animal bites to the head and neck was conducted. All patients were seen and treated at a large teaching hospital in Houston, Texas over an 18-month period. Seventy-six percent of our patients were 12 years old or younger. Most came to the emergency room soon after sustaining their injuries, and their wounds were repaired primarily with favorable results. There were no cases of wound infection. Ninety percent were treated with prophylactic antibiotics. The wounds of the 10% of patients who did receive antibiotics were similar to those of the other patients and healed well without infection. Wounds resulting from animal bites to the head and neck can be repaired primarily when treated shortly after injury. Further prospective, randomized studies are recommended to evaluate the effectiveness and necessity of prophylactic antibiotic therapy in this patient population.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0031893054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0031893054&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 77

SP - 216

EP - 220

JO - Ear, Nose and Throat Journal

JF - Ear, Nose and Throat Journal

SN - 0145-5613

IS - 3

ER -