Anthrax in wildlife in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia.

P. C. Turnbull, R. H. Bell, K. Saigawa, F. E. Munyenyembe, C. K. Mulenga, Levi H Makala

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An abnormally high mortality among hippos (Hippopotamus amphibius) in the Luangwa River valley between June and November 1987 and estimated to number more than 4000 deaths was attributed to anthrax. Several other species, particularly Cape buffalo (Syncerus caffer) and elephant (Loxodonta africana), appear to have been affected. A smaller outbreak of anthrax in hippos occurred between August and September 1988, approximately 100 km up-river. A field study was arranged in August 1989 to assess the extent of environmental contamination by Bacillus anthracis and the risks to people in the area, to study possible methods of control and to equip local laboratory staff for continued monitoring of the disease. The study confirmed the enzootic status of the region. The characteristics of the outbreaks of anthrax in 1987 and 1988, and the results of the field study are described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)399-403
Number of pages5
JournalThe Veterinary record
Volume128
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1991

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Zambia
Anthrax
anthrax
Syncerus caffer
wildlife
valleys
Buffaloes
Rivers
Disease Outbreaks
Artiodactyla
Bacillus anthracis
Loxodonta africana
rivers
disease surveillance
Elephantidae
control methods
pollution
death
Mortality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

Turnbull, P. C., Bell, R. H., Saigawa, K., Munyenyembe, F. E., Mulenga, C. K., & Makala, L. H. (1991). Anthrax in wildlife in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. The Veterinary record, 128(17), 399-403. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.128.17.399

Anthrax in wildlife in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. / Turnbull, P. C.; Bell, R. H.; Saigawa, K.; Munyenyembe, F. E.; Mulenga, C. K.; Makala, Levi H.

In: The Veterinary record, Vol. 128, No. 17, 01.01.1991, p. 399-403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Turnbull, PC, Bell, RH, Saigawa, K, Munyenyembe, FE, Mulenga, CK & Makala, LH 1991, 'Anthrax in wildlife in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia.', The Veterinary record, vol. 128, no. 17, pp. 399-403. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.128.17.399
Turnbull PC, Bell RH, Saigawa K, Munyenyembe FE, Mulenga CK, Makala LH. Anthrax in wildlife in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. The Veterinary record. 1991 Jan 1;128(17):399-403. https://doi.org/10.1136/vr.128.17.399
Turnbull, P. C. ; Bell, R. H. ; Saigawa, K. ; Munyenyembe, F. E. ; Mulenga, C. K. ; Makala, Levi H. / Anthrax in wildlife in the Luangwa Valley, Zambia. In: The Veterinary record. 1991 ; Vol. 128, No. 17. pp. 399-403.
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