Antibodies to sulfated glucuronic acid containing glycosphingolipids in neuropathy associated with anti-MAG antibodies and in normal subjects

Scott McGinnis, Tatsuo Kohriyama, Robert K. Yu, Michael A. Pesce, Norman Latov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serum of patients with neuropathy and IgM monoclonal antibodies (M-proteins) that bind to the myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG) were tested for binding to the major cross-reactive sulfated glucuronic acid containing glycosphingolipid, sulfated glucuronic acid paragloboside (SGPG). IgM binding to the glycolipid was detectable at serum dilutions of 1 : 10 000 and reactivity was greatest at 4°C. Low titers of IgM binding to the glycolipid were also detected in sera from normal subjects and from patients with neurologic or rheumatologic diseases without serum M-proteins. Binding activity was prosent in 25% of the sera tested, and titers ranged between 1 : 25 and 1 : 400. One patient with peripheral neuropathy, however, had a measurable titer of 1 : 12 800 in the absence of monoclonal gammopathy. The study indicates that cold reacting anti-SGPG IgM antibodies are frequent constituents of the normal human antibody repertoire, and that monoclonal or polyclonal expansion of B cells that secrete these antibodies, is associated with peripheral neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-126
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume17
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Antibody
  • Autoantibody
  • Myelin-associated glycoprotein
  • Peripheral neuropathy
  • Sulfated glucuronic acid paragloboside

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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