Glycogen levels, glycogen synthase activities, and glycogen synthase protein levels were determined in liver tissues obtained from 14- to 19-day-old fetal mice, newborn mice, and adult mice. The results of these experiments demonstrate a significant increase in the quantity of hepatic glycogen synthase beginning at Day 17 of gestation and reaching adult levels at birth. However, during the same time period, there is a dramatic decrease in total glycogen synthase activity suggesting that the accumulating glycogen synthase molecules are unable to transfer UDP-glucose to glycogen. These inversely coordinated changes in the quantity and activity of glycogen synthase are consistent with the suggestion that glycogen synthesis in the near-term fetal mouse is being maintained by preexisting enzyme, while accumulating enzyme molecules may represent a quiescent isozyme.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology