### Abstract

In this paper, we present work on the application of the Electron Dose Kernel discrete ordinates method (EDK-S_{N}) to compute doses and account for material heterogeneities using high energy external photon beam irradiations in voxelized human phantoms. EDKs are pre-computed using photon pencil "beamlets" that lead to dose delivery in tissue using highly converged Monte Carlo. Coupling the EDKs to accumulate dose scaled by integral photon fluences computed using S_{N} methods in dose driving voxels (DDVs) allows for the full charged particle physics computed dose to be accumulated throughout the voxelized phantom, and is the basis of the EDK-SN method, which is fully parallelized. For material heterogeneities, a density scaling correction factor is required to yield good agreement. In a fully voxelized phantom, all doses were in agreement with those determined by independent Monte Carlo computations. We are continuing to expand upon the development of this robust approach for rapid and accurate determination of whole body and out of field organ doses due to high energy x-ray beams.

Original language | English (US) |
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Title of host publication | American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009 |

Pages | 1412-1423 |

Number of pages | 12 |

State | Published - Dec 1 2009 |

Event | International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009 - Saratoga Springs, NY, United States Duration: May 3 2009 → May 7 2009 |

### Publication series

Name | American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009 |
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Volume | 3 |

### Other

Other | International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009 |
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Country | United States |

City | Saratoga Springs, NY |

Period | 5/3/09 → 5/7/09 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- 3-D
- Deterministic S
- EDK-S
- Heterogeneities
- Whole body dose

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Computational Mathematics
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics

### Cite this

*American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009*(pp. 1412-1423). (American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009; Vol. 3).

**Application of Electron Dose Kernels to account for heterogeneities in voxelized phantoms.** / Al-Basheer, Ahmad Khaled; Sjoden, Glenn E.; Ghita, Monica; Bolch, Wesley.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Conference contribution

*American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009.*American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009, vol. 3, pp. 1412-1423, International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009, Saratoga Springs, NY, United States, 5/3/09.

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Application of Electron Dose Kernels to account for heterogeneities in voxelized phantoms

AU - Al-Basheer, Ahmad Khaled

AU - Sjoden, Glenn E.

AU - Ghita, Monica

AU - Bolch, Wesley

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - In this paper, we present work on the application of the Electron Dose Kernel discrete ordinates method (EDK-SN) to compute doses and account for material heterogeneities using high energy external photon beam irradiations in voxelized human phantoms. EDKs are pre-computed using photon pencil "beamlets" that lead to dose delivery in tissue using highly converged Monte Carlo. Coupling the EDKs to accumulate dose scaled by integral photon fluences computed using SN methods in dose driving voxels (DDVs) allows for the full charged particle physics computed dose to be accumulated throughout the voxelized phantom, and is the basis of the EDK-SN method, which is fully parallelized. For material heterogeneities, a density scaling correction factor is required to yield good agreement. In a fully voxelized phantom, all doses were in agreement with those determined by independent Monte Carlo computations. We are continuing to expand upon the development of this robust approach for rapid and accurate determination of whole body and out of field organ doses due to high energy x-ray beams.

AB - In this paper, we present work on the application of the Electron Dose Kernel discrete ordinates method (EDK-SN) to compute doses and account for material heterogeneities using high energy external photon beam irradiations in voxelized human phantoms. EDKs are pre-computed using photon pencil "beamlets" that lead to dose delivery in tissue using highly converged Monte Carlo. Coupling the EDKs to accumulate dose scaled by integral photon fluences computed using SN methods in dose driving voxels (DDVs) allows for the full charged particle physics computed dose to be accumulated throughout the voxelized phantom, and is the basis of the EDK-SN method, which is fully parallelized. For material heterogeneities, a density scaling correction factor is required to yield good agreement. In a fully voxelized phantom, all doses were in agreement with those determined by independent Monte Carlo computations. We are continuing to expand upon the development of this robust approach for rapid and accurate determination of whole body and out of field organ doses due to high energy x-ray beams.

KW - 3-D

KW - Deterministic S

KW - EDK-S

KW - Heterogeneities

KW - Whole body dose

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=74549168931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=74549168931&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:74549168931

SN - 9781615673490

T3 - American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009

SP - 1412

EP - 1423

BT - American Nuclear Society - International Conference on Mathematics, Computational Methods and Reactor Physics 2009, M and C 2009

ER -