Approximate Rydberg states of the hydrogen atom that are concentrated near Kepler orbits

George A. Hagedorn, Sam L Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

We study the semiclassical limit for bound states of the Hydrogen atom Hamiltonian H(ℏ) = - ℏ2/2 Δ - 1/|x|. For each Kepler orbit of the corresponding classical system, we construct a lowest order quasimode ψ(ℏ,x) for H(ℏ) when the appropriate Bohr-Sommerfeld conditions are satisfied. This means that ψ(ℏ, x) is an approximate solution of the Schrödinger equation in the sense that ∥ [H(ℏ) - E(ℏ)] ψ(ℏ, ·) ∥ ≤ C ℏ3/2 ∥ψ(ℏ, ·)∥. The probability density |ψ(ℏ, x)|2 is concentrated near the Kepler ellipse in position space, and its Fourier transform has probability density |ψ̂(ℏ, ξ)|2 concentrated near the Kepler circle in momentum space. Although the existence of such states has been demonstrated previously, the ideas that underlie our time-dependent construction are intuitive and elementary.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)316-340
Number of pages25
JournalHelvetica Physica Acta
Volume72
Issue number5-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 1999

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Kepler
Hydrogen Atom
hydrogen atoms
Orbit
orbits
Probability Density
ellipses
Semiclassical Limit
Ellipse
momentum
Bound States
Intuitive
Fourier transform
Lowest
Circle
Approximate Solution
Momentum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics

Cite this

Approximate Rydberg states of the hydrogen atom that are concentrated near Kepler orbits. / Hagedorn, George A.; Robinson, Sam L.

In: Helvetica Physica Acta, Vol. 72, No. 5-6, 01.12.1999, p. 316-340.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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