Arc expression and neuroplasticity in primary auditory cortex during initial learning are inversely related to neural activity

Ezekiel P. Carpenter-Hyland, Thane K. Plummer, Almira Vazdarjanova, David T. Blake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Models of learning-dependent sensory cortex plasticity require local activity and reinforcement. An alternative proposes that neural activity involved in anticipation of a sensory stimulus, or the preparatory set, can direct plasticity so that changes could occur in regions of sensory cortex lacking activity. To test the necessity of target-induced activity for initial sensory learning, we trained rats to detect a low-frequency sound. After learning, Arc expression and physiologically measured neuroplasticity were strong in a high-frequency auditory cortex region with very weak target-induced activity in control animals. After 14 sessions, Arc and neuroplasticity were aligned with target-induced activity. The temporal and topographic correspondence between Arc and neuroplasticity suggests Arc may be intrinsic to the neuroplasticity underlying perceptual learning. Furthermore, not all neuroplasticity could be explained by activity-dependent models but can be explained if the neural activity involved in the preparatory set directs plasticity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14828-14832
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume107
Issue number33
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 17 2010

Keywords

  • Instrumental learning
  • Neurophysiology
  • Rat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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