Twenty-five cases of B-cell precursor acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) from Down syndrome (DS) patients were analyzed using array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and compared with two other subgroups of non-DS patients with ALL; five cases with high-hyperdiploidy (HH) and nine cases with ETV6-RUNX1 positive clones. Seven cases of DS-acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia (AMKL) were also included, DS-ALL cases showed relatively stable karyotypes with cryptic losses and gains that most frequently involved chromosomes X, 1, 2, 9, 11, 16, and 17. The most consistent change involved a deletion in 2p, spanning region Chr2:88273220-91084234, which in some cases appeared to be homozygous. ALL from non-DS patients showed a similar overall karyotypic stability, although gains of chromosome 21 were infrequent in the ETV6-RUNX1 positive cases. The most consistent change in this group involved a 12p deletion, where Chr12:10383878-16017619 defined the common region of overlap. All HH-ALL karyotypes showed variable gains of chromosome 21. This overall analysis supports the suggestion that, although constitutional trisomy 21 predisposes to ALL/AMKL, the cytogenetic changes associated with DS-ALL in particular, are most similar to those found in non-DS ETV6-RUNX1 positive ALL. The HH-ALL group, however, undergoes distinct karyotypic evolution not dependent on chromosome translocation/deletion events.
- Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia
- Acute megakaryoblastic leukaemia
- Comparative genomic hybridization
- Down syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas