Assessing dentin color changes from nightguard vital bleaching

Alston J. Mccaslin, Van Benjamine Haywood, Brad J. Potter, Gene L. Dickinson, Carl M. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

68 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background. At-home bleaching with 10 percent carbamide peroxide in a custom-fitted tray has been reported to change the color of dentin. The purpose of this study was to validate the color change of dentin and to determine whether the color change was uniform or occurred from the outside (the dentinoenamel junction) to the inside (the pulpal wall). Methods. The authors sectioned 10 extracted human teeth incisogingivally through the midfacial long axis, and sealed their cut surface against glass microscope slides. Identifying marks were placed on the glass over the tooth sections to serve as a color control and in the dentinal areas closest to the dentinoenamel junction and the pulpal wall. Teeth were bleached for 10 days with 10 percent carbamide peroxide. Photographs were taken from the glass-covered side of the teeth, digitized and converted to gray-scale levels (consisting of 256 shades of gray ranging from black to white). Marked areas were measured with a National Institutes of Health Image software program and analyzed statistically for changes in lightness between the control marks and the inner and outer dentinal marks over time. Results. Paired t-tests and analysis of variance indicated a significant increase in lightness (P = .01) for the inner and outer dentinal areas during bleaching compared with the control areas. No significant differences were found in the rate of change for the inner and outer dentinal areas (P = .89). Conclusions. The increase in lightness confirms that a significant color change occurred in the dentin during bleaching with 10 percent carbamide peroxide. This change occurred throughout the dentin at a uniform rate, rather than from the outside inward. Clinical Implications. The results of this study show that at-home bleaching with 10 percent carbamide peroxide can change the color of dentin, which is important to treat intrinsic stains from tetracycline treatment, trauma and aging or inherited discolorations. The bleaching material easily penetrates the tooth to change the dentin color at the same rate throughout, indicating that the type of stain may be the important factor in determining bleaching success.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1485-1490
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Dental Association
Volume130
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

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Dentin
Color
Tooth
Glass
Coloring Agents
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Tetracycline
Analysis of Variance
Software
carbamide peroxide
Wounds and Injuries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

Cite this

Assessing dentin color changes from nightguard vital bleaching. / Mccaslin, Alston J.; Haywood, Van Benjamine; Potter, Brad J.; Dickinson, Gene L.; Russell, Carl M.

In: Journal of the American Dental Association, Vol. 130, No. 10, 01.01.1999, p. 1485-1490.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mccaslin, Alston J. ; Haywood, Van Benjamine ; Potter, Brad J. ; Dickinson, Gene L. ; Russell, Carl M. / Assessing dentin color changes from nightguard vital bleaching. In: Journal of the American Dental Association. 1999 ; Vol. 130, No. 10. pp. 1485-1490.
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abstract = "Background. At-home bleaching with 10 percent carbamide peroxide in a custom-fitted tray has been reported to change the color of dentin. The purpose of this study was to validate the color change of dentin and to determine whether the color change was uniform or occurred from the outside (the dentinoenamel junction) to the inside (the pulpal wall). Methods. The authors sectioned 10 extracted human teeth incisogingivally through the midfacial long axis, and sealed their cut surface against glass microscope slides. Identifying marks were placed on the glass over the tooth sections to serve as a color control and in the dentinal areas closest to the dentinoenamel junction and the pulpal wall. Teeth were bleached for 10 days with 10 percent carbamide peroxide. Photographs were taken from the glass-covered side of the teeth, digitized and converted to gray-scale levels (consisting of 256 shades of gray ranging from black to white). Marked areas were measured with a National Institutes of Health Image software program and analyzed statistically for changes in lightness between the control marks and the inner and outer dentinal marks over time. Results. Paired t-tests and analysis of variance indicated a significant increase in lightness (P = .01) for the inner and outer dentinal areas during bleaching compared with the control areas. No significant differences were found in the rate of change for the inner and outer dentinal areas (P = .89). Conclusions. The increase in lightness confirms that a significant color change occurred in the dentin during bleaching with 10 percent carbamide peroxide. This change occurred throughout the dentin at a uniform rate, rather than from the outside inward. Clinical Implications. The results of this study show that at-home bleaching with 10 percent carbamide peroxide can change the color of dentin, which is important to treat intrinsic stains from tetracycline treatment, trauma and aging or inherited discolorations. The bleaching material easily penetrates the tooth to change the dentin color at the same rate throughout, indicating that the type of stain may be the important factor in determining bleaching success.",
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