Assessing the Effects of COVID-19-Related Stay-at-Home Orders on Homicide Rates in Selected U.S. Cities

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Abstract

Most U.S. states issued stay-at-home orders (SAHOs) to limit the spread of COVID-19 in 2020. These orders required people to remain in their residences except when undertaking essential activities. While SAHOs are a powerful public health tool against infectious diseases, they can have significant social and economic consequences. Grounded in general strain and routine activities theories and using interrupted time series analyses, this study assesses the effects of SAHOs on homicide rates in 10 U.S. cities. Substantive results suggest SAHOs were associated with changes in homicide rates in theoretically identifiable ways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-444
Number of pages26
JournalHomicide Studies
Volume26
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • general strain theory
  • homicide
  • lockdowns
  • pandemic
  • routine activities
  • stay-at-home orders

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychology (miscellaneous)
  • Law

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