Astrocyte-specific expression of survivin after intracerebral hemorrhage in mice

A possible role in reactive gliosis?

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31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), the most common form of hemorrhagic stroke, accounts for up to 15% of all strokes. Despite maximal surgical intervention and supportive care, ICH is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, in part due to a lack of viable treatment options. Astrogliosis, a key feature of secondary injury that is characterized by glial proliferation, is a poorly-defined process that may produce both beneficial and detrimental outcomes after brain injury. Using a pre-clinical murine model of collagenase-induced ICH, we demonstrate a delayed upregulation of survivin, a key molecule involved in tumor cell proliferation and survival, by 72h post-ICH. Notably, this increase in survivin expression was prominent in GFAP-positive astrocytes, but absent in neurons. Survivin was not expressed at detectable levels in the striatum of sham-operated mice. The expression of survivin after ICH was temporally and spatially associated with the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), an established marker of cellular proliferation. Moreover, the survivin expression was co-localized in proliferating astrocytes as evidenced by triple-label immunohistochemistry. Finally, shRNA-mediated silencing of survivin expression attenuated PCNA expression and reduced cellular proliferation in human glial cells. Together, these data suggest a potentially novel role for survivin in functionally promoting astrocytic proliferation after ICH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2798-2804
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neurotrauma
Volume29
Issue number18
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2012

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Gliosis
Cerebral Hemorrhage
Astrocytes
Cell Proliferation
Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen
Neuroglia
Stroke
Collagenases
Brain Injuries
Small Interfering RNA
Cell Survival
Up-Regulation
Immunohistochemistry
Morbidity
Neurons
Mortality
Wounds and Injuries
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • astrogliosis
  • Inhibitor of Apoptosis protein family
  • proliferation
  • repair
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Astrocyte-specific expression of survivin after intracerebral hemorrhage in mice: A possible role in reactive gliosis?",
abstract = "Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), the most common form of hemorrhagic stroke, accounts for up to 15{\%} of all strokes. Despite maximal surgical intervention and supportive care, ICH is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, in part due to a lack of viable treatment options. Astrogliosis, a key feature of secondary injury that is characterized by glial proliferation, is a poorly-defined process that may produce both beneficial and detrimental outcomes after brain injury. Using a pre-clinical murine model of collagenase-induced ICH, we demonstrate a delayed upregulation of survivin, a key molecule involved in tumor cell proliferation and survival, by 72h post-ICH. Notably, this increase in survivin expression was prominent in GFAP-positive astrocytes, but absent in neurons. Survivin was not expressed at detectable levels in the striatum of sham-operated mice. The expression of survivin after ICH was temporally and spatially associated with the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), an established marker of cellular proliferation. Moreover, the survivin expression was co-localized in proliferating astrocytes as evidenced by triple-label immunohistochemistry. Finally, shRNA-mediated silencing of survivin expression attenuated PCNA expression and reduced cellular proliferation in human glial cells. Together, these data suggest a potentially novel role for survivin in functionally promoting astrocytic proliferation after ICH.",
keywords = "astrogliosis, Inhibitor of Apoptosis protein family, proliferation, repair, stroke",
author = "{Sukumari Ramesh}, Sangeetha and Alleyne, {Cargill Herley} and Dhandapani, {Krishnan Michael}",
year = "2012",
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doi = "10.1089/neu.2011.2243",
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T1 - Astrocyte-specific expression of survivin after intracerebral hemorrhage in mice

T2 - A possible role in reactive gliosis?

AU - Sukumari Ramesh, Sangeetha

AU - Alleyne, Cargill Herley

AU - Dhandapani, Krishnan Michael

PY - 2012/12/10

Y1 - 2012/12/10

N2 - Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), the most common form of hemorrhagic stroke, accounts for up to 15% of all strokes. Despite maximal surgical intervention and supportive care, ICH is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, in part due to a lack of viable treatment options. Astrogliosis, a key feature of secondary injury that is characterized by glial proliferation, is a poorly-defined process that may produce both beneficial and detrimental outcomes after brain injury. Using a pre-clinical murine model of collagenase-induced ICH, we demonstrate a delayed upregulation of survivin, a key molecule involved in tumor cell proliferation and survival, by 72h post-ICH. Notably, this increase in survivin expression was prominent in GFAP-positive astrocytes, but absent in neurons. Survivin was not expressed at detectable levels in the striatum of sham-operated mice. The expression of survivin after ICH was temporally and spatially associated with the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), an established marker of cellular proliferation. Moreover, the survivin expression was co-localized in proliferating astrocytes as evidenced by triple-label immunohistochemistry. Finally, shRNA-mediated silencing of survivin expression attenuated PCNA expression and reduced cellular proliferation in human glial cells. Together, these data suggest a potentially novel role for survivin in functionally promoting astrocytic proliferation after ICH.

AB - Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), the most common form of hemorrhagic stroke, accounts for up to 15% of all strokes. Despite maximal surgical intervention and supportive care, ICH is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, in part due to a lack of viable treatment options. Astrogliosis, a key feature of secondary injury that is characterized by glial proliferation, is a poorly-defined process that may produce both beneficial and detrimental outcomes after brain injury. Using a pre-clinical murine model of collagenase-induced ICH, we demonstrate a delayed upregulation of survivin, a key molecule involved in tumor cell proliferation and survival, by 72h post-ICH. Notably, this increase in survivin expression was prominent in GFAP-positive astrocytes, but absent in neurons. Survivin was not expressed at detectable levels in the striatum of sham-operated mice. The expression of survivin after ICH was temporally and spatially associated with the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), an established marker of cellular proliferation. Moreover, the survivin expression was co-localized in proliferating astrocytes as evidenced by triple-label immunohistochemistry. Finally, shRNA-mediated silencing of survivin expression attenuated PCNA expression and reduced cellular proliferation in human glial cells. Together, these data suggest a potentially novel role for survivin in functionally promoting astrocytic proliferation after ICH.

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