Astrogliosis

A Target for Intervention in Intracerebral Hemorrhage?

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a debilitating neurological injury, accounting for 10-15 % of all strokes. Despite neurosurgical intervention and supportive care, the 30-day mortality rate remains ~50 %, with ICH survivors frequently displaying neurological impairments and requiring long-term assisted care. Unfortunately, the lack of medical interventions to improve clinical outcomes has led to the notion that ICH is the least treatable form of stroke. Hence, additional studies are warranted to better understand the pathophysiology of ICH. Astrogliosis is an underlying astrocytic response to a wide range of brain injuries and postulated to have both beneficial and detrimental effects. However, the molecular mechanisms and functional roles of astrogliosis remain least characterized following ICH. Herein, we review the functional roles of astrogliosis in brain injuries and raise the prospects of therapeutically targeting astrogliosis after ICH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)80-87
Number of pages8
JournalTranslational Stroke Research
Volume3
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

Fingerprint

Cerebral Hemorrhage
Brain Injuries
Stroke
Long-Term Care
Survivors
Mortality
Wounds and Injuries

Keywords

  • Astrocytes
  • Gliosis
  • ICH

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Astrogliosis : A Target for Intervention in Intracerebral Hemorrhage? / Sukumari Ramesh, Sangeetha; Alleyne, Cargill Herley; Dhandapani, Krishnan Michael.

In: Translational Stroke Research, Vol. 3, No. SUPPL. 1, 01.07.2012, p. 80-87.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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N2 - Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a debilitating neurological injury, accounting for 10-15 % of all strokes. Despite neurosurgical intervention and supportive care, the 30-day mortality rate remains ~50 %, with ICH survivors frequently displaying neurological impairments and requiring long-term assisted care. Unfortunately, the lack of medical interventions to improve clinical outcomes has led to the notion that ICH is the least treatable form of stroke. Hence, additional studies are warranted to better understand the pathophysiology of ICH. Astrogliosis is an underlying astrocytic response to a wide range of brain injuries and postulated to have both beneficial and detrimental effects. However, the molecular mechanisms and functional roles of astrogliosis remain least characterized following ICH. Herein, we review the functional roles of astrogliosis in brain injuries and raise the prospects of therapeutically targeting astrogliosis after ICH.

AB - Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a debilitating neurological injury, accounting for 10-15 % of all strokes. Despite neurosurgical intervention and supportive care, the 30-day mortality rate remains ~50 %, with ICH survivors frequently displaying neurological impairments and requiring long-term assisted care. Unfortunately, the lack of medical interventions to improve clinical outcomes has led to the notion that ICH is the least treatable form of stroke. Hence, additional studies are warranted to better understand the pathophysiology of ICH. Astrogliosis is an underlying astrocytic response to a wide range of brain injuries and postulated to have both beneficial and detrimental effects. However, the molecular mechanisms and functional roles of astrogliosis remain least characterized following ICH. Herein, we review the functional roles of astrogliosis in brain injuries and raise the prospects of therapeutically targeting astrogliosis after ICH.

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