ATP-dependent transport of glutathione conjugate of 7β,8α-dihydroxy-9α,10α-oxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a] pyrene in murine hepatic canalicular plasma membrane vesicles

Sanjay K. Srivastava, Xun Hu, Hong Xia, Richard J. Bleicher, Howard A. Zaren, John L. Orchard, Sanjay Awasthi, Shivendra V. Singh

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Glutathione (GSH) S-transferases (GSTs) have an important role in the detoxification of (+)-anti-7,8-dihydroxy-9,10-oxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene[(+)-anti-BPDE] , which is the ultimate carcinogen of benzo[a]pyrene. However, the fate and/or biological activity of the GSH conjugate of (+)-anti-BPDE [(-)-anti-BPD-SG] is not known. We now report that (-)-anti-BPD-SG is a competitive inhibitor (Ki 19 μM) of Pi-class isoenzyme mGSTPl-1, which among murine hepatic GSTs is most efficient in the GSH conjugation of (+)-anti-BPDE. Thus the inhibition of mGSTPl-1 activity by (-)-anti-BPD-SG might interfere with the GST-catalysed GSH conjugation of (+)-anti-BPDE unless one or more mechanisms exist for the removal of the conjugate. The results of the present study indicate that (-)-anti-BPD-SG is transported across canalicular liver plasma membrane (cLPM) in an ATP-dependent manner. The ATP-dependent transport of (-)-anti-[3H]BPD-SG followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics (Km 46 μM). The ATP dependence of the (-)-anti-BPD-SG transport was confirmed by measuring the stimulation of ATP hydrolysis (ATPase activity) by the conjugate in the presence of cLPM protein, which also followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics. In contrast, a kinetic analysis of ATP-dependent uptake of the model conjugate S-[3H](2,4-dinitrophenyl)-glutathione ([3H]DNP-SG) revealed the presence of a high-affinity and a low-affinity transport system in mouse cLPM, with apparent Km values of 18 and 500 μM respectively. The ATP-dependent transport of (-)-anti-BPD-SG was inhibited competitively by DNP-SG (Ki 1.65 μM). Likewise, (-)-anti-BPD-SG was found to be a potent competitive inhibitor of the high-affinity component of DNP-SG transport (Ki 6.3 μM). Our results suggest that GST-catalysed conjugation of (+)-anti-BPDE with GSH, coupled with ATP-dependent transport of the resultant conjugate across cLPM, might be the ultimate detoxification pathway for this carcinogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)799-805
Number of pages7
JournalBiochemical Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 15 1998


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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