Attachment sites of four tick species (Acari

Ixodidae) parasitizing humans in Georgia and South Carolina

Michael W. Felz, Lance A. Durden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

From June 1995 through January 1998, 677 tick specimens were submitted by 521 humans from 14 states. Analysis was limited to specimens originating in Georgia and South Carolina, representing 87.3% of total submissions. Attachment sites were specified in 367 specimens (62.3%). The American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say), a vector of the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, favored the head and neck in 59% of attached specimens. The lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), a strongly implicated vector of the agent of human monocytic ehrlichiosis, favored the lower extremities, buttocks, and groin in 54% of specimens. The blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, the main eastern vector of the Lyme disease spirochete, had widely distributed attachment sites with no apparent site preference. The Gulf Coast tick, A. maculatum Koch, parasitized humans in too few instances for analysis. In the southeastern United States, prevention of tick bites and tickborne illnesses such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, and Lyme disease may be enhanced by personal practices and public health measures based on knowledge of preferred attachment sites of potentially infectious tick species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-364
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Medical Entomology
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

Fingerprint

Ixodidae
Ticks
Rocky Mountain spotted fever
Dermacentor variabilis
ticks
ehrlichiosis
Amblyomma americanum
Acari
Ixodes scapularis
parasitism
Lyme disease
Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever
Amblyomma maculatum
buttocks
tick bites
Ehrlichiosis
Southeastern United States
neck
public health
Dermacentor

Keywords

  • Amblyomma americanum
  • Amblyomma maculatum
  • Dermacentor variabilis
  • Ixodes scapularis
  • Tick attachment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Parasitology
  • veterinary(all)
  • Insect Science
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Attachment sites of four tick species (Acari : Ixodidae) parasitizing humans in Georgia and South Carolina. / Felz, Michael W.; Durden, Lance A.

In: Journal of Medical Entomology, Vol. 36, No. 3, 01.01.1999, p. 361-364.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{a0ec96f12da542cbaf16ab49c4be89ac,
title = "Attachment sites of four tick species (Acari: Ixodidae) parasitizing humans in Georgia and South Carolina",
abstract = "From June 1995 through January 1998, 677 tick specimens were submitted by 521 humans from 14 states. Analysis was limited to specimens originating in Georgia and South Carolina, representing 87.3{\%} of total submissions. Attachment sites were specified in 367 specimens (62.3{\%}). The American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say), a vector of the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, favored the head and neck in 59{\%} of attached specimens. The lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), a strongly implicated vector of the agent of human monocytic ehrlichiosis, favored the lower extremities, buttocks, and groin in 54{\%} of specimens. The blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, the main eastern vector of the Lyme disease spirochete, had widely distributed attachment sites with no apparent site preference. The Gulf Coast tick, A. maculatum Koch, parasitized humans in too few instances for analysis. In the southeastern United States, prevention of tick bites and tickborne illnesses such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, and Lyme disease may be enhanced by personal practices and public health measures based on knowledge of preferred attachment sites of potentially infectious tick species.",
keywords = "Amblyomma americanum, Amblyomma maculatum, Dermacentor variabilis, Ixodes scapularis, Tick attachment",
author = "Felz, {Michael W.} and Durden, {Lance A.}",
year = "1999",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/jmedent/36.3.361",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "36",
pages = "361--364",
journal = "Journal of Medical Entomology",
issn = "0022-2585",
publisher = "Entomological Society of America",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Attachment sites of four tick species (Acari

T2 - Ixodidae) parasitizing humans in Georgia and South Carolina

AU - Felz, Michael W.

AU - Durden, Lance A.

PY - 1999/1/1

Y1 - 1999/1/1

N2 - From June 1995 through January 1998, 677 tick specimens were submitted by 521 humans from 14 states. Analysis was limited to specimens originating in Georgia and South Carolina, representing 87.3% of total submissions. Attachment sites were specified in 367 specimens (62.3%). The American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say), a vector of the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, favored the head and neck in 59% of attached specimens. The lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), a strongly implicated vector of the agent of human monocytic ehrlichiosis, favored the lower extremities, buttocks, and groin in 54% of specimens. The blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, the main eastern vector of the Lyme disease spirochete, had widely distributed attachment sites with no apparent site preference. The Gulf Coast tick, A. maculatum Koch, parasitized humans in too few instances for analysis. In the southeastern United States, prevention of tick bites and tickborne illnesses such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, and Lyme disease may be enhanced by personal practices and public health measures based on knowledge of preferred attachment sites of potentially infectious tick species.

AB - From June 1995 through January 1998, 677 tick specimens were submitted by 521 humans from 14 states. Analysis was limited to specimens originating in Georgia and South Carolina, representing 87.3% of total submissions. Attachment sites were specified in 367 specimens (62.3%). The American dog tick, Dermacentor variabilis (Say), a vector of the agent of Rocky Mountain spotted fever, favored the head and neck in 59% of attached specimens. The lone star tick, Amblyomma americanum (L.), a strongly implicated vector of the agent of human monocytic ehrlichiosis, favored the lower extremities, buttocks, and groin in 54% of specimens. The blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis Say, the main eastern vector of the Lyme disease spirochete, had widely distributed attachment sites with no apparent site preference. The Gulf Coast tick, A. maculatum Koch, parasitized humans in too few instances for analysis. In the southeastern United States, prevention of tick bites and tickborne illnesses such as Rocky Mountain spotted fever, ehrlichiosis, and Lyme disease may be enhanced by personal practices and public health measures based on knowledge of preferred attachment sites of potentially infectious tick species.

KW - Amblyomma americanum

KW - Amblyomma maculatum

KW - Dermacentor variabilis

KW - Ixodes scapularis

KW - Tick attachment

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0033127907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0033127907&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/jmedent/36.3.361

DO - 10.1093/jmedent/36.3.361

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 361

EP - 364

JO - Journal of Medical Entomology

JF - Journal of Medical Entomology

SN - 0022-2585

IS - 3

ER -