Augmented expression of polo-like kinase 1 indicates poor clinical outcome for breast patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Yunfeng Zhang, Zhibin Wu, Dapeng Liu, Meng Wang, Guodong Xiao, Peili Wang, Xin Sun, Hong Ren, Shou-Ching Tang, Ning Du

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polo-like kinases 1 (PLK1), a key regulator of mitosis, plays an essential role in maintaining genomic stability. Up-regulation of PLK1 was found in tumorigenesis and tumor progression of diverse cancers. However, the clinicopathological and prognostic implications of PLK1 in breast cancer (BC) have yet to be unveiled. Therefore, using PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, and Chinese databases, we conducted a metaanalysis to define the potential clinical value of PLK1 in BC. Eleven eligible articles with 2481 patients enrolled were included in the present meta-analysis, of which eight studies reported on the relationship between PLK1 expression and clinicopathological features, and nine studies provided survival data in BC patients. Furthermore, the results revealed that high PLK1 levels were significantly associated with larger tumor size (OR=1.703, 95%CIs: 1.315-2.205, P < 0.001), higher pathological grading (OR=6.028, 95%CIs: 2.639-13.772, P < 0.001), and lymph node metastasis (OR= 1.524, 95%CIs: 1.192-1.950, P=0.001). Moreover, PLK1 was found to be a valuable factor for distinguishing lobular BC from ductal BC with the pooled OR=0.215(95%CIs: 0.083-0.557, P=0.002). Analysis of included data showed that high PLK1 expression significantly indicated worse overall survival for BC patients (HR= 3.438, 95%CIs: 2.293-5.154, P < 0.001), as well as worse cancer specific survival and disease-free survival (HR=2.414, 95%CIs: 1.633-3.567, P < 0.001 and HR= 2.261, 95%CIs: 1.796- 2.951, P < 0.001, respectively). This quantitative meta-analysis suggests that high PLK1 expression is a credible indicator for the progression of BC and confirms a higher risk of a worse survival rate in patients with BC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57723-57732
Number of pages10
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number34
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Clinical outcome
  • Meta-analysis
  • Polo-like kinas 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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    Zhang, Y., Wu, Z., Liu, D., Wang, M., Xiao, G., Wang, P., Sun, X., Ren, H., Tang, S-C., & Du, N. (2017). Augmented expression of polo-like kinase 1 indicates poor clinical outcome for breast patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Oncotarget, 8(34), 57723-57732. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.17301