Autism spectrum disorder 101: A primer for pediatric otolaryngologists

Sneh Biyani, Patrick S. Morgan, Karin Hotchkiss, Matthew Cecchini, Craig S. Derkay

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Based on a comprehensive review of the literature as well as personal experiences at a tertiary children's hospital, we present an encompassing guide of the management of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in the otolaryngology practice. ASD is a disorder involving persistent deficits in social communication and interaction across multiple contexts with restricted and repetitive patterns of behavior, which presents early in age and causes significant impairment in function. With the increasing prevalence of autism, the otolaryngologist's understanding of the disease and how it affects the management of patients is of paramount importance in order to provide a safe medical and surgical environment. Special considerations in the outpatient visit and peri-operative setting in the management of ASD patients can enhance the patient-provider relationship and improve the quality of care delivered. We discuss several strategies, such as utilization of communication devices and use of pre-medication prior to surgery, to facilitate the clinical experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)798-802
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Volume79
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Autism spectrum disorder

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Otorhinolaryngology

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