Autocrine regulation of interleukin-8 production in human monocytes

Darren D Browning, Wade C. Diehl, Matthew H. Hsu, Ingrid U. Schraufstatter, Richard D. Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Interleukin (IL)-8 is a C-X-C chemokine that plays an important role in acute inflammation through its G protein-coupled receptors CXCR1 and CXCR2. In this study, we investigated the role of IL-8 as an autocrine regulator of IL-8 production and the signaling mechanisms involved in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (MNCs). Sepharose-immobilized IL-8 stimulated a sevenfold increase in IL-8 production within 2 h. IL-8 induced the expression of its own message, and IL-8 biosynthesis was inhibited by cycloheximide and actinomycin D, indicating de novo RNA and protein synthesis. In contrast to MNCs, polymorphonuclear neutrophils did not respond to the immobilized IL-8 with IL-8 production despite cell surface expression of CXCR1 and CXCR2. Melanoma growth-stimulatory activity/growth-related protein-α (MGSA/GROα), which binds CXCR2 but not CXCR1, was unable to either stimulate IL-8 secretion in MNCs or desensitize these cells to respond to immobilized IL-8. The involvement of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) in IL-8-induced IL-8 biosynthesis was suggested by the ability of PD-98059, an inhibitor of MAPK kinase, to block this function. Furthermore, IL-8 induced a significant increase in extracellular signal-regulated kinase 2 phosphorylation, whereas MGSA/GROα was much less effective. These findings support the role of IL-8 as an autocrine regulator of IL-8 production and suggest that this function is mediated by CXCR1 through activation of MAPK.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume279
Issue number6 23-6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Interleukin-8
Monocytes
Growth
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases
Melanoma
CXC Chemokines
Proteins
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Dactinomycin
Cycloheximide
G-Protein-Coupled Receptors
Sepharose
Blood Cells
Neutrophils

Keywords

  • Chemokines
  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation
  • Monocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Autocrine regulation of interleukin-8 production in human monocytes. / Browning, Darren D; Diehl, Wade C.; Hsu, Matthew H.; Schraufstatter, Ingrid U.; Ye, Richard D.

In: American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, Vol. 279, No. 6 23-6, 01.12.2000.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Browning, Darren D ; Diehl, Wade C. ; Hsu, Matthew H. ; Schraufstatter, Ingrid U. ; Ye, Richard D. / Autocrine regulation of interleukin-8 production in human monocytes. In: American Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology. 2000 ; Vol. 279, No. 6 23-6.
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