Fas-deficient MKL/Mp-lpr/lpr mice develop a syndrome that resembles human systemic lupus erythematosus, including production of IgG autoantibodies against small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs), double-stranded DNA, and self IgG (rheumatoid factor). To investigate the necessity for T-B cell contact in MRL autoimmunity, mice deficient in CD40 ligand (CD40L) were backcrossed onto this background, and antibody synthesis assessed. In comparison to CD40L-intact Ipr/lpr counterparts, CD40L-deficient Ipr/lpr mice had elevated levels of serum IgM and lower levels of IgG; however, a subset of animals had IgG2a and IgG2b levels similar to those found in wild type Ipr/lpr mice. Levels of both isotypes in CD40L-deficient Ipr/lpr mice were significantly greater than those found in non-autoimmune CD40L-deficient animals. ANA and IgG autoantibodies against snRNPs also arose in CD40L-deficient Ipr/lpr mice; however, they did not develop IgG rheumatoid factors or antidsDNA, and lacked histologie evidence of glomerulonephritis at age three months, in contrast to CD40L-intact Ipr/lpr animals. These results indicate that isotype switching occurs in Ipr/lpr mice deficient in CD40L, and that production of IgG autoantibodies to ribonucleoproteins is preserved, suggesting that different mechanisms may be responsible for eliciting autoantibody responses in Ipr/lpr mice.
|Original language||English (US)|
|State||Published - Dec 1 1996|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology